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高考英语点点通
2014-05-17 23:25:29   来源:   评论:0 点击:

晏联菊
(2011-3-9)

1、I can well remember that there was a time when a deep blue sky , the song of the birds, moonlight and flowers could never have kept me spellbound. 我记得非常清楚,以前,湛蓝的天空,鸟儿的歌唱,月光和鲜花,从未令我心迷神往过。
句中的when是关系副词,引导一个限制性定语从句,修饰先行词a time , 表示“(有过)一段……时光。先行词在从句中做时间状语。
2、Do you want a friend whom you could tell everything to , like your deepest feelings and thoughts ? 你是否想有一位无话不谈能推心置腹的朋友呢?
Whom you could tell everything to 是定语从句,修饰先行词 friend , 先行词在从句中做介词to 的宾语。
3、It was the first time inayear and a half that I’d seen the night face to face.
It’s the first time…that…表示“这是某人第一次做某事。”在此句式中, that 从句部分的谓语动词应使用完成时态。
例句:This is the first time that I have heard of it .
It was the third time that she had come to this village.
4、I do want to change this situation , but I don’t knock how.我确实很想改变这种状况,但不知道如何去做。
句中do 表示强调,意思是“确实,的确”通常是在动词原形前加do/does/did来加强谓语的语气。
例句:I do love you.
The Greek merchant did make a big fortune.
5、Today more people speak English as there first, second or a foreign language than ever before .如今,说英语的人比以往任何时候更多了,他们有的是作为第一语言来说,有的是作为第二语言或作为一门外语。
此句中的as 用作介词,表示“可做;以……的身份。”表此义时as后面接名词或代词,可做方式状语。常与动词work,act,think,regard等搭配。
例句:She works as an interpreter in that company.
You can regard him as friend.
6、It was based more on German than the English we speak at present.当时的英语更多地是以德语为基础,而非现代英语。
be based on 是“以……为基础”的意思,强调以某事物为另一事物的根据、证据等。介词on也可以改为upon,后接名词或动名词。
例句:This song is based on an old folk song.
      This novel is based on fact.
7、So by the 1600’s Shakespeare was able to make use of a wider vocabulary than ever before.因此到17世纪,莎士比亚能够使用比以前多得多的词汇。
     make use of 是短语动词,意思是“利用”,use在这里是不可数名词,其前可以用形容词修饰,make good/full/little use of sth .表示“好好/充分/不利用某物。”
例句:We will make good use of our time.
      We make use of electricity every day.
8、Today the number of people learning English in China is increasing rapidly.目前在中国学习英语的 人数正在迅速增长。
the number of是一个名词短语,意为“……的数量,”其复数形式为the numbers of,做主语时,谓语动词随the number的单复数变化。
例题:As you can see, the number of cars on our roads­­       rising these days.
A. was keeping     B. keep   C. keeps   D. were keeping
解析:C.本题考查主谓一致。the number of 表示“……的数量”,做主语时采用单数谓语;a number of 表示“许多”,采用复数谓语。
9、Believe it or not, there is no such thing as standard English.信不信由你,(世界上)没有什么标准英语。
短语believe it or not 意为“信不信由你”,是whether you believe it or not 的缩写形式,常用做插入语。
例句:Believe it or not, John cheated in the exams.
10、Which kind of transport do you prefer to use :bus or train? 哪一种交通工具你更喜欢:公共汽车还是火车?
动词prefer表示“更喜欢,宁愿”,后接带to 的不定式,也表示一个具体的特定行为。
例句:We prefer to live this way.
      He prefers to go on a picnic.
11、When are you leaving? 你何时动身?
Where are you staying? 你计划住在哪里?
本句中使用的are leaving和are staying都是用现在进行时态来表示将来按计划或安排的动作。现在进行时可以与表示将来时间的状语连用,能这样用的动词很有限,常用的如:arrive,come, drive, fly ,go ,leave, start, travel等。
例句:The neighbours are coming in to watch television.
12、She gave me a determined look — the kind that said she would not change her mind.她给了我一个坚定的眼神—这种眼神表明她是不会改变主意的。
determined 在句中是形容词,意为“坚定的;坚决的”。
例句:His mother is a determined woman who always gets what she wants.
      They were determined to drive the enemy from their land.
13、once she has made up her mind, nothing can change it 她一旦下了决心,什么也不能使她改变。
Once在这里做连词,意思是“一旦(……就)”,引导状语从句。
例句:Once you make a promise, you should keep it.
      Once you show fear, he will attack you.
14、Imagine your home begins to shake and you must leave it right away. 设想你的家开始晃动,你必须马上离开。
英语中表示“想;设想;想象(某种情况)”时,常用“imagine+名词/that从句”结构,常译成“设想……”。
例句:Imagine you’ve been shipwrecked.
例题:— Look! He’s running so fast !
      — Hard to     his legs were once broken.
A. know     B. imagine    C. realize    D. find
解析:B、本题考查动词的词义辨析。imagine表示“想象”。
15、It seemed as if the world was at an end!看上去世界末日似乎到了!
as if 表示“好像,仿佛”,是从属连词,与as though 意义相同,一般引导方式状语从句。在as if/as though 引导的从句中,如果与事实相反则使用虚拟语气。
例题:Eliza remembers everything exactly as if it        yesterday.
A. was happening    B. happens   C. has happened   D. happened
解析:D、 “好像是昨天发生的一样”,但不是昨天发生的,这是一种与事实相反的虚拟语气,as if 从句中的动词须采用过去式,所以选D。
16、No wind,however, could blow them away.然而它们是不可能被风刮走的。
副词however的意思是“然而;不过”,表示转折,使用中经常用逗号将其与句中其余成分隔开。
例句:He has made some spelling mistakes in his paper ; however, this is not serious.
17、All hope was not lost 不是所有的希望都破灭了。
英语中all…not… =not all…或some but not all,意思是“一些,但不是全部”。注意不要将其译成“都不(是)……”,而要译成“不都(是)……”,此种情况被称为部分否定
例句:Not all the girls left.(= Only some of the girls left.)
      Not all the children are noisy.(Some of the children are not noisy.)
18、China and Japan have mid-autumn festivals, when people admire the moon and in China, enjoy moonquakes.
此句中的动词admire是“钦佩;赞赏;羡慕,(某人/某事物)”的意思。常用结构为admire sb/sth for…也可用于admire sb as…,表示钦佩某人是……。
例句:I admire her for her bravery.
      He was admired as a hero.
19、People love to get together to eat, drink and have fun with each other.
此句中的名词fun是“娱乐;乐趣”的意思,常与have或be连用,have fun译做“玩得高兴”。注意fun是不可数名词
例句:This is not a match. We’re playing chess just for        .
A.   habit    B. hobby   C. fun    D. game
解析:C. for fun是“好玩;娱乐”的意思。
20、They got married ,and they were very happy.
表示已婚的状态,常用be/get married. “和某人结婚”可以用marry sb., be/get married to sb,也可以说A and B get married 或A and B are married .
例句:She was married to a lawyer.
      She was determined to marry all her daughters to the rich.
21、I don’t want them to remind me of her.句中的动词remind是“提醒;使想起”的意思。remind常使用的句型有remind sb of sth “使某人想起某事“,remind sb to sth “提醒某人做某事”
例题:What you said just now      me of that American professor.
A、             mentioned B、informed C、reminded D、memorized
解析:C   本题考查动词remind的用法。句意是“你刚才的话使我想起了那位美国教授”。
22、“Nothing could be better ,”he thought.他认为,“再也没有比这个更好地了。”
此句是比较级的否定形式,实际上表示最高级意思。
例句:Nobody loved money better than he.没人比他更贪财。
例题:Boris has brains.In fact, I doubt whether anyone in the class has
      IQ.
A. a high    B. a higher   C. the higher   D. the highest
解析:B 本题填a higher 表示“怀疑能否有人比他的智商还高”,暗示“他的智商是最高的。”
23、I’m fond of ……
be fond of 意为“爱好,喜欢,”后跟名词、代词或动名词做其宾语,表示惯常的爱好。
例句:She is fond of light music.
例题:More and more young people are fond       playing tennis nowadays.
A.on      B. to      C. in        D. of
解析:D   be fond of 是固定词组,意为“喜欢。”
24、Why don’t you do sth?/Why not do sth?
本句型表示“(你)为何不做某事呢”是建议“某人去做某事”的又一表达形式。而Why not do sth ?是Why don’t you do sth ? 的省略形式。
例句:If you are tired , why don’t you lie down ?
例题:Why not      an order      a TV set of this new type ?
A. to place ;on   B. placing ;on C. place ; for D. place ;at
解析:C    本题考查情景英语。Why not 表示建议,后跟动词原形。place an order for sth 指“订购某物”。
25、’d better do sth /’d better not do sth 本句型作“最好做/不做某事”解,其中’d better 是had better的省略形式,为“最好”之意,之后要接动词原形。
例句:You’d better not drink Coca-Cola.
例题:You         go there today. It is going to rain.
A. had better not                B. had not better
C. had better not to           D. had not better to
解析:A   本题考查had better 是否定结构。 had better后接动词原形,变否定句时在better后加not。
26、It is Henry ,an American businessman , who is lost in London and does not know what he should do .
该句为强调句。这种句子的结构是“It is/was+被强调部分+that/who+句子的其余部分”。如果强调部分是人,可用who,whom代替that。
例题:It is the ability to do the job     matters not where you come from or what you are.
 A. one   B. that    C. what      D. this
解析:B 此句的意思是“真正重要的是你做这项工作的能力,而不是你的背景或身份”。在此句中名词短语 the ability to do the job 是原句的主语,是被强调成分,故答案为B。
27、Go right ahead .
(1)go ahead 是英语口语中的一个常用短语,在此句可译为“请吧”。
例句:-I wonder if I could use your phone ?
      -Sure. Go ahead.
(2)go ahead 还可表示“(同意对方)着手干”或“取得进展”等意思。
例句:-May I start now ?       -Yes, go ahead .
例题:-I wonder if I could possibly use your car for tonight ?
-      ,I’m not using it anyhow.
A. Sure, go ahead B. I don’t know C. Yes, indeed   D.I don’t care
解析:A 本题考查交际用语。此处go ahead 表示允许对方做某事。
28、No one knows exactly how the earth began, as it happened so long ago.
句子中as it happened so long ago 是as 引导的原因状语从句。当as 做连词时,可引导原因,时间,比较,方式,程度或让步等状语从句。引导原因状语从句时与because和since引导的从句比较起来语气最弱。
例句:As he is ill, I have to go without him.
例题:Jenry was very sad over the loss of the photos,      this was a memory she especially treasured.
A. as   B. if C. when   D.where 
解析:A   本题考查原因状语从句。
29No + v-ing, please.
本句型用来表示“指示别人不要做某事,”即在No后加动名词,发出简短的指令。
例句:No talking ,please.
      No shouting, please.
      No Smoking!
      No Parking
30、He would rather keep time for his hobbies.
他宁愿把时间花在自己的业余爱好上。
would rather(not)do sth (than do ) 意为“宁愿(不)做某事。
例句:I would rather stay at home than go to the park today.
      She’d rather die than lose the children.
31、As time went by he began making films.
随着时间的推移,他开始拍电影。
as是连词,引导时间状语从句,意为“随着……;在……的同时。”go by 此处表示“(时间)过去,”相当于pass。
例句:Time went by slowly .
      As time went by , she became more and more worried.
32、The theme park you are probably most familiar with is Disneyland .你最熟悉的主题公园很可能就是迪斯尼乐园吧。
familiar做形容词,意为“熟悉的;常见的;普通的,”常用短语sb/sth be familiar to sb 表示“某人或某事为某人所熟悉”;sb be familiar with sth/sb意为“某人熟悉某人或某事。”
例句:The new teacher is not quite familiar with his student.
      The Bible is the book which is familiar to every Englishman.
33、I think my long and active life must be due to the healthy life I live.我想我之所以长寿而且精力充沛,要归功于我的健康生活。
must是情态动词,must do用于肯定句中表示对现在情况的肯定推测,意为“一定……,”must have done结构表示对过去情况的肯定推测。表示对过去情况的否定推测用情态动词can或could。
例句:You must be the new student.你一定是新来的学生吧。
I think you must have made a mistake.我想你一定是弄错了。
例题:She    have left school, for her bike is still here.
A. can’t    B. wouldn’t    C. shouldn’t    D. needn’t
解析:A   “情态动词+have done”表示对过去情况的推测。can’t have done “(过去)不可能做过某事”。
34、Do you enjoy taking risks?你喜欢冒险吗?
risk 在句中做名词,意为“风险,危险”;做动词时,意为“冒……险,”其后只能接名词、代词、动名词做宾语。
例句:He got well-prepared for the jab interview, for he couldn’t risk 
       the good opportunity.
A. to lose   B. losing C. to be lost D. being lost
解析:B   risk后只能跟动名词做宾语。
35、In spite of all his efforts he failed. 尽管他努力了,但还是失败了。
句中的in spite of 是介词短语,相当于介词despite,意为“虽然;尽管;不顾,不管,”后接名词、名词短语或代词。
例句:He can’t see very well in spite of his glasses.
例题:The open-air celebration has been put off      the bad weather.
A. in case of    B. in spite of C. instead of      D. because of
 解析:D    本题考查介词短语辨析。根据句意“因为天气不好,户外庆祝活动被推迟”可知选D项。
36、There is no doubt that the earth is becoming warmer.
句中的There is no doubt that ……为固定句式,意为“……是毫无疑问”。其中的doubt为名词,意为“怀疑,疑惑”,当用于否定句和疑问句中时,后用that来引起从句;当用于肯定句中时,后用whether或if来引起从句。
例句:I don’t doubt that you are honest.
      I doubt whether the news is true.
例题:Some researchers believe that there is no doubt      a cure for AIDS will be found.
A. which     B. that     C. what       D. whether 
解析:B 考查句型There is no doubt that……
37、With the ‘greenhouse effect ’,the earth would be about thirty-three degrees Celsius cooler than it is .如果没有温室效应,地球的温度将会比现在低大约33摄氏度。
此句为介词without引起的含蓄虚拟条件句,意为“如果没有……”。含蓄虚拟条件句表示现在的情况,谓语动词形式为would接动词原形;表示过去的情况,谓语动词形式为would接现在完成时。另外but for“要不是……”,otherwise“否则”也有此用法。
例句:Without you ,I wouldn’t be able to manage.
It didn’t rain yesterday. Otherwise we wouldn’t arrive on time today.
38、Every time you feel like smoking a cigarette, remind yourself that you are a non-smoker.每次当你想要吸烟的时候,就提醒自己你是一个不吸烟的人。
remind意为“提醒;使……想起”。用作 remind of sth;remind that/wh-;remind to do sth
 例句:The picture reminded me of my school days. 这张照片使我想起了学生时代。
Remind me to write to my mother.请提醒我给母亲写信。
例题:In our childhood, we were often      by Grandma to pay attention to our table manners.
A. demanded   B. reminded   C. allowed     D. hoped
解析:B 本题考查动词辨析。be reminded to do “被提醒做某事”
39、Together, individuals can make a difference.众人拾柴火焰高。
句中make  a difference 为习惯用语,意为“有关系;有影响;有差别”。
例句:Flowers make a difference to a room.
例题:His passing the exam or not doesn’t      to me.
A. make no difference    B. make any difference
C. tell no difference    D. tell the difference
解析:B   make any difference 意为“和我没有什么关系”。
40、No way. 没门。
此短语意为“不;没门”,表示断然拒绝做某事;还有“不会吧;不可能”之意,表示不相信或惊讶。
例句:— I think you should phone Jenny and say sorry to her.
      .It was her fault.
A. No way     B. Not possible   C. No chance    D. Not at all
解析:A   本题为情景交际题,no way 是个俚语,意为“不;没门”。
 
41.句型 would rather that somebody did…“宁愿去做…;更愿意去做…”(表示现在或将来的愿望)
    would rather that somebody had done…“宁愿做过…就好了”(表示过去的愿望)
[例句]
I’d rather you posted the letter right now. 我想让你现在去寄信。
I’d rather that I hadn’t seen her yesterday. 我情愿昨天没有看到她。
42. 句型 as if/though+主语+did/had done…好像……(表示现在或将来的情况用过去时;表示过去的情况用过去完成时)
 [例句]
Our head teacher treats us as if we were her own children, so all the students in our class think highly of her. 我们班主任把我们当成自己儿子一般对待,所以班上所有同学对他评价都很高。
Alan talked about Rome as if he had been there. Alan谈起罗马来就好像他去过那里似的。
43. 句型
   “wish +宾语从句”,表示不大 可能实现的愿望
表示现在的愿望:主语+过去时
表示过去的愿望:主语+had done
表示将来的愿望:主语+would/could do
[例句]
How I wish we students had more free time to relax ourselves! 我们学生多么希望有更多的自由时间放松自己!
I failed in the maths exam. How I wish I hadn’t wasted so much time playing!
What a pity you can’t go to the party. How I wish I could dance with you at the party!
44. 句型
    It’s( high) time that somebody did (should do) (should通常不省略) …早就该……
[例句]
It’s time that you went to school.= It’s time that you should go to school.
It’s high time that we did something to improve our environment. 该是我们为环保做些事情了。
45.   情态动词+动词不定式完成结构的用法
could have done “本来可以……”(表示过去没有实现的可能)。
might have done “本来可能…;本来应该或可以做某事”(实际没有发生;含有轻微的责备语气。
should/ought to have done “本来该做某事”(而实际未做)
should not/ought not to have done “本来不该做”(实际却做过了,含有责备语气)
needn’t have done “本来不必做”(但是已经做过了)
would rather have done 当时宁愿做了某事”(实际没有做过);否定式would rather not have done表达相反意思,两者都有表示“后悔”之意。
46.   as, though, although引导的让步状语从句。
[注意]although位于句首;though位于句首或句中;as位于句中=though,它的词序是把句中强调的形容词、副词、动词或名词放在连词前。请注意下列句式的变化:
[例句]
1. Although/Though I’m young, I already know what career I want to follow.
Young as/though I am, I already know what career I want to follow.
我虽然年轻,但我已经明白我应该追随什么样的事业。
2. Although/Though he is a child, he knows a lot of Chinese characters.
 →Child(省略冠词)as/though he is, he knows a lot of Chinese characters. 他虽然还是个孩子,却认识了许多汉字。
47. 句型   …before…特殊用法(1)“没来得及……就……
[例句]
The roof fell before he had time to dash into the room to save his baby.
他还没有来得及冲进房间救孩子,房顶就塌了。
He ran off before I could stop him. 我还没有来得及阻止,他已经跑了。
48. …before…特殊用法(2)“过了多久才……”或“动作进行到什么程度才……
[例句]
He almost knocked me down before he knew it.
他几乎撞到我了才意识到。
We had walked a long way before we found some water.
我们走了很长的路才找到一点水。
Five years went by before I knew it. 不知不觉,五年过去了。
49. It was + 时间段+before….“过了多久才(怎么样)……”
It was not long before….“不久,就……”
It will (not) be +时间段+before….“要过多久(不久)……才……”
[例句]
It was not long before he sensed the danger of the position.不久他就意识到他处境的危险。
It will not be long before they understand each other. 他们大概不久就会互相了解。
50. in case of…(+n.) “以防;万一”;
in case that…“以防,万一……”(谓语动词用一般现在时态或should+动词原形)
[例句]
Please remind me about it in case I forget/should forget. 万一我忘了,请提醒我。
Please take your umbrella in case (that it rains/should rain).带上雨伞,以防下雨。
51.   It强调句型
强调句的基本构成:It is/was + 被强调的部分 + who(主要指人时)/that + 其余部分
 [例句1]
I saw him in the street yesterday afternoon.
→It was I who saw him in the street yesterday afternoon.(强调主语)
→It was him that/who I saw in the street yesterday afternoon.(强调宾语)
[例句2]
He didn’t go to bed until his mother came back.
→It was not until his mother came back that he went to bed.
52. (1)、祈使句(表条件)+ or/or else/ otherwise + 简单句(表结果)… “否则…,要不然…”
(2)、祈使句(表条件)+ and +简单句(表结果)
[例句]
Give him an inch and he will take a mile. 得寸进尺。
Work hard and you will make progress every day. 好好学习,天天向上。
53. …until….“直到……时候”;not…until…“直到……才……”
[例句]
You are to stay until/till your mother comes back.你得等到你妈妈回来。
He didn’t go to bed until his mother came back.
→It was not until his mother came back that he went to bed.(强调句)
Not until he failed in the exam did he realize that he had wasted much time playing computer games.直到又考试失败了,他才意识到自己浪费太多时间玩电脑游戏。
54.    unless…“除非,如果不……”(=if…not)
[例句]
I won’t go unless he comes to invite me himself.
除非他本人来邀请我,不然我是不会去的。
I won’t attend his birthday party unless invited (=unless I am invited). 除非被邀请,否则我不去参加他的生日晚会。
55.   when引导并列分句
when引导并列分句,意思是“这时突然;就在那时突然”强调另一个动作的突然发生。常用于以下句型中:(1)、主语 + be doing… when…意思是“正在做某事,这时……”;(2)、主语 + be about to do…when…;(3)、主语+be on the point of (doing) …when…意思是“正要去做某事,这时……”
[例句]
One day Chuck was on a flight across the Pacific Ocean when suddenly his plane crashed. 有一天,Chuck正在太平洋上飞行,这时他的飞机突然爆炸了。
I was walking along the river when I heard a drowning boy cry for help. 我正在河边行走,这时我突然听到一个落水男孩求救。
I was about to leave when it began to rain. 我刚要离开,这时下雨了。
56.   while引导的从句
while除了有“当/在……时候”的意思外(注意:引导的句子谓语动词只能是延续性动词!常用进行时态),另外的两层意思也是考查的重点:(1)while = although 尽管”、“虽然”,引导让步状语从句;(2)while的意思是“然而;可是”,常用来表达对比关系。
[例句]
While I admit his good points, I can see his shortcomings.
虽然我承认他的优点,我也能看出他的缺点。
I earn only 120 dollars a week, while she earns 180 dollars. 我一星期只赚120美元,她赚180美元。
57.   as引导的非限制性定语从句
     在as引导的非限制性定语从句中,连接代词as在句子中可以作主语、宾语或表语等,可以指人或物。其在定语从句中的位置比较灵活,即可以在句子前面,中间或末尾。常用的结构有:as we all know; as is well known to…; as is often the case; as is said/mentioned above; as has been said before; as can be seen; as is/was expected; as we expect等。
[注意1]as通常只指整个句子的内容,不表示部分内容。
[注意2]as引导的非限制性定语从句通常指“事先可以预料到的”“料想到的”,表达“好”的方面。
[注意3]as引导限制性定语从句时,常构成the same…as…; such…as…; so/as …as…等结构。在从句中既可以指人、物,也可以指整个句子。
[例句]                     
This is also part of your work, as I told you before. 
我曾告诉过你,这也是你工作的一部分。
It’s the same story as I heard from her yesterday. 这故事跟我从她那儿听到的相同。
Such people as have made great contributions to the world should be greatly respected.
那些对世界做出巨大贡献的人们应该受到极大的尊重。
58. (1)、疑问词+ever whatever, whoever, whichever, whenever,wherever, however用来引导让步状语从句,相当于no matter和what, who, which, when, where, how连用。
[例句]
Whatever (=No matter what) may happen, we shall not lose hope.无论发生什么事,我们都不能失去希望。
(2)、whatever, whoever, whichever, whomever等引导名词性从句,这时不能用no matter+疑问词替换。
[例句]   We will do whatever we can to help him out. 我们要尽力帮助他摆脱困境。
59. 虚拟语气
(从句)If + were/did(动词的过去式),(主句)主语 + would/might/should/could + do(表示对现在情况的假设)
[例句]
If I were you, I would not be so proud. 如果我是你,我不会如此自负。
If I were in your position, I would think better of it. 如果我处在你的位置,我会好好考虑它。
60. 虚拟语气
(从句)If + had done, (主句)主语+ would/might/should/could +have done(表示对过去或已经发生事情的虚拟假设)
[例句]   If anyone had been in his position, he would have done the same. 任何处在他位置的人都会这样做的。
61. 虚拟语气
(从句)If + were/did(动词过去式)/were to do/should do,(主句)主语+ would/might/should/could + do(表示对将来的假设)
[例句]
If you shouldn’t pass the college entrance examination, what would you do? 万一高考不中,你该怎么办?
62. 虚拟语气条件句的倒装
    在虚拟条件句中,如果出现有were, had, should,可以省去if, 把这些词放在句子前面,构成虚拟倒装句。
[例句]
Should he act like that again, he would be fined. 如果他还这样做,就要受罚。
Had the doctor come in time last night (=If the doctor had come in time last time), the boy would have been saved. 昨天晚上要是医生及时到达,小孩就会得救。
63. if only引起的感叹句,相当于 “How I wish + 宾语从句”,意思是“但愿……;要是……就好了”
[例句]
If only he could come! 他要是能来就好了!
If only we students didn’t have so much homework!要是没有这么多的作业该多好!
If only I hadn’t been so careless in the exam! 我当时没有那么粗心就好了! 
64. “but for + 名词”和“but that +从句”,意思是“倘若不是;要不是”,接虚拟语气
[例句]
But for air and water, nothing could live. (= If there were no air or water, nothing could live.)
如果没有空气和水,什么东西都难以生存。
She could not have believed it but that she saw it. 若非亲眼所见,她是不会相信的。
65. 在动词insist(1坚持做某事),order, command(2命令), advise, suggest, propose(3建议做某事),demand, require, request, ask(4要求)等表示建议、命令、要求的名词性从句中谓语动词要用虚拟语气。基本句型:主语+ (should) + 动词原形。另外像decide, desire, intend, recommend等也要接(should)+动词原形结构。
[例句]
Mother insists that Tom (should) go to bed at nine o’clock.(宾语从句)
It was required that the crops (should) be harvested at once.(主语从句)
That is their demand that their wages (should) be increased.(表语从句)
66. suggest意思是“表明,暗示;说明”时;insist意思是“坚持观点,坚持看法”时,句子不能用虚拟语气
[例句]
He insisted that he was innocent.=He insisted on his innocence. 他坚持说自己是无辜的。
He insisted that he had never done wrong. 他坚持说没有做错事情。
67.It is necessary/important/natural/impossible/essential(基本的)等结构后的主语从句中要用虚拟语气,即主语+(should)+动词原形
[例句]
It’s necessary that Tom take the exam first. Tom有必要先参加考试。
With the society developing very fast, it’s quite necessary/important that we (should) have a good knowledge of English and computer. 随着社会的快速发展,我们有必要精通英语和电脑。
68. It’s strange/surprising/a pity/a shame/a surprise (that) … should do…should表示“竟然
[例句]
It’s a pity that she should miss the chance. 很遗憾她错过了机会。
It’s strange that he shouldn’t pass the exam. 奇怪的是他竟然没有通过考试。   
60.protect...from/ against  保护……避免/免受……的伤害
1) He protected his hands from the cold with gloves.
2) Lucy raised her arm to protect her face against fire.
例题:The great difficulty _____ him achieving what he wanted to achieve.
       A. kept     B. protected     C. defeated    D. prevented
[解析] 选D句意“巨大的困难阻止了他实现他的理想”。 Protect...from 和defeat…from 中的from 均不可以省略,且与句意不符。
69. agree
sb agree with sb/what从句   同意某人的话,意见
sth agree with sb 某物,某事适应某人
agree to sth 同意 (建议,计划,决定等)
agree on sth 在某一点上取得一致意见
agree to do sth 同意去干某事
70. break
break down 机器坏了=go wrong 身体垮了/终止谈话
break in 闯入,插话
break off 忽然停止讲话/断绝,结束/暂停工作,休息
break out (战争等)爆发;逃出(无被动式)
break through 打破包围
break up 驱散
break away from 脱离,逃说,与…断绝来往/改变某种习惯
71. bring
bring about =cause, result in, lead to bring down 使倒下,使下降
bring force 使产生,引起
bring forward 提出建议=put forward/提前
bring in =get in the pops/使得到某种收入
bring back to one's mind 使回想起
bring up 抚养某人 ,提出,呕吐
bring to an end 结束
72. call
call on sb 拜访,号召
call at 访问(某人的家);(火车、船)停靠
call for 需要
call for sb 去接某人一起去做某事
call off 取消(计划,比赛)
call out (call out+to sb.)大声地叫
call up sb 打电话
call in 请进来 We'll call in a couple of days. 我们两三天后打电话。
73. carry
carry out 进行到底,贯彻执行
carry on 进行下去,坚持下去
carry away 拿走,入迷,被…吸引
carry forward 推进,发扬(精神)
carry off 抢走,夺走/获得奖品
carry through 进行到底,完成计划
74. catch
catch up 赶上 
catch on 勾住,绊倒
catch at 想抓住 A drowning man will catch at a straw. 溺水者见草也要抓;急何能择。
be caught in the rain 被雨淋
catch up with 赶上某人,补上工作
 
76. come
come across 偶然发现,偶然遇到
come on 快点(口),开始,到来,举行,走吧,一起去
come at 向…扑过来,向…袭击
come down 倒下,(温度,价格)下降,病倒
come forward 涌现,主动地响应要求做某事
come in 进来,上市
come from 来自于 I come from Japan. 我来自日本。
come out 出来,出发,结果
come to 苏醒,总共,达到,得到谅解
come up sb 走进
come up 种子生长发育,被提出 And I'll come up with something. 我会想出个办法的。
come true 实现
77. cut
cut sth in half 把…砍成两半
cut away 切除 He cut away a dead branch.他砍掉一根枯干的树枝。
cut through 走近路,剌穿
cut down 砍倒,减少,压缩(开支)
cut off 切断(关系,来往),中止(电话,思维)
cut out 删掉/改掉(恶习),停止
78. do
do with 涉及到
do up one's hair 盘起长发
do up sth 包/捆起来
do out 打扫,收拾
do away with =get rid of 废除,去掉,取消
79. die
die from 因饥渴,战争,被污染的意外死亡
die of 因年老,疾病而死亡
die away 声音变弱,渐渐消失/停息,消失
die down 慢慢地熄灭(风,火)
die out 熄灭,变弱,消失,灭绝(动物)
die off 相继死去
80. fall
fall asleep 去睡觉=go to sleep
fall ill 病了Be careful not to fall ill. 注意不要生病了。
fall across 遇见(偶然)
fall back 后退,后撤
fall behind 落后,跟不上
fall in 集合/陷入
fall into 陷入+名词fall off 减少,从…摔下来
81. get
get about 到处走,消息的传开
get across 穿过,讲清楚使人了解,领会
get away 逃掉,离开,摆脱
get down 从…下来,写下来,记下来
get along with sth 进展得
get along with sb 相处
get in 进去,进站,收进来,收帐
get off 离开,下车
get on 上车
get over 克服(困难),从病中恢复过来,不接from
get around =spread 传开
get through 完成,通过,用完,从人群中通过,接通电话
get to 到达,抓住问题的要害,本质
get together 聚会,联欢get into trouble 陷入
get rid off 摆脱,去掉
82. give
give away 分发,赠送,颁发,背叛,出卖,暴露
give in 屈服
give off 放出(气体,光)
 give out 分发;使人筋疲力尽
give up 放弃,停止做某事
give over 让位于=give way to被取代
give rise to 引起,导致
83. go
go bad 变坏;变酸;腐败 go red 变红 go hungry 挨饿 go wrong 出错;发生故障
go about 随便走/进行
go after 追赶
go ahead 说吧,走吧,做吧(口语),走在前面
go at 从事于
go beyond 超出
go by =pass 经过,过去
go down 下降
go into 进入
go out (火)熄灭,过时了,罢工
go over 复习,检查
go through 审阅/经历了(痛苦,困难),完成
go up 提高,上涨(价格)
go around 分配,传播,传开
go all out to do sth 全力以赴去做某事
go back to 追溯到…
go with 相配(=match=go along with)
go well with 协调
go too far 太过分了,走太远了
84. hold
hold up 主持,耽搁,延误,继续下去,拿起
hold back 阻挡,忍住,保留,隐瞒
hold down 控制,镇压=put down
hold off 延误,保持距离,使"疏远"
hold on 坚持下去,停止,别挂(电话)
hold out 坚持到胜利,支持,维持,伸出
hold to 坚持某个看法(路线),紧紧地抓住
86. keep
keep to  坚持某种习惯,遵循,靠(左右)
keep back 留在后面,阻止,忍住
 keep down 控制,下降,缩减开支
keep off 避开,远离,让开
keep out 使其等在外面,不让进入
keep up 保持,维持,鼓足勇气
keep sb from doing 阻止某人做某事
keep sth from sb 把某事瞒着某人
keep up with 跟上
 
87. knock
knock into sb 撞到某人身上;偶然遇到
knock sth down 降低价格,拆除,缩减开支
knock off 下班,停工,很快地写出文章
knock sb up 匆匆做饭,敲门把某人叫醒,使某人疲倦
knock at 敲(门)
88. know
know about 了解,知道情况
know of 听说,知道为什么
be known for sth因…出名(=be famous for)
be known as作为…而知名
as known to all 众所周知
89. lay
lay aside 放在…一边,积蓄
lay down 放下,制定计划
lay emphasis on sth 强调
lay down one's life for 为…献出生命
lay out 布置;设计
lay off 解雇
lay in 积蓄,储蓄
90. leave
leave alone 不要管(某人),不要碰(某物)
leave behind 遗留,遗志
leave off (使)停止;中断
leave out 删掉,漏掉
leave over 剩下的,暂时不去解决的
91. let 
let alone 不要管,不碰,更不用说
let down 放下,失望
let off 燃放鞭炮,放掉蒸汽,放过某人
let out 放掉气,发出响声,泄露
92. look
look after 照料
look at 
look back 回顾
look in 顺便来访=drop in
look into sth 调查,了解某事,浏览(书报)
look on as 把…看作…
look out 小心,当心,向外看
look around 到处看
look over 审阅,翻阅
look through 浏览,仔细地检查
look to 负责,留意
look up (从词典中)找出,天气转变,物价上涨,仰视
look up to 仰视 尊敬
look down on sb 轻视某人
look forward to期待
93. make
make for 有助于,向…走过去
make out 辩认出,理解,开(写)支票,假装
make up 构成,组成,弥补,编造,化妆
make up of 由…组成
make fun of 嘲笑,和某人开玩笑
make the best of 充分利用(make full use of)
make certain 弄清楚
make up one's mind 决定,下决心
make tea 泡茶
make coffee 冲咖啡
make off 逃跑,匆匆离开
95. pass
pass away 消磨(时间),去世,死(委婉的说法)
pass by 从某人身边经过,过去
pass off 消失,顺利地进行
pass for 冒充,假扮
pass on 传下去
pass through 经历
96. pick
pick out 挑选,认出(某人),领会
pick up 捡起来,开车接送,恢复健康 ,偶然获得,接收到(信息等)
97. pull
pull down 拆掉,推掉,使身体虚弱,使价格降低
pull off 脱衣帽
pull out 拔出,离开,度过难关,恢复健康
pull throw 渡过难关,使从病中恢复过来
pull up 车子停下,拔起(树、草)
98. put
put away收起来,把…放在原位
put aside 把放在…留出(时间),备用
put back 放在原处,推迟,延期 
put down 镇压,写下来 He put down his glass.他放下杯子。
put forward 提出,提前,提供
put in 提交,申请(+for)
put off 推迟,延期,打消,关上 
put on 穿上,上演
put through 接通电话
put out 扑灭,关灯,生产,出版
put up 张贴,留某人过夜,建造
put into production 把…投入生产
put into use 投入使用
put one's heart into 全心全意投入
99. run
run across 穿过(跪道),偶然遇到
run after 追赶
run away 逃走,失去控制
run into sb 碰到某人
run for 竞选
run out 用完
run over 匆匆浏览
run through 穿过,匆匆看一下,做完 L
run a risk of =at the risk of 冒…险
run a fever 发烧
run short of 缺乏
100. see
see sb off 为某人送行,解雇
see into sth 调查,了解某事
see through 看穿某人
see sth through 进行到底
see to get that 务必要
101. send
send for 派某人去请,去叫某人
send off 发出,寄出
send sb off =see sb. off 为某人送行,解雇
send out 发出,发射
send in 交上去,递送
send on 转交
102. set
set about doing sth. 着手做某事
set out 出发,陈述
set out to do sth, 着手做某事
set apart 分离,流出
set aside 流出,宣布…无效
set down 放下,写下
set off 出发 动身
set up 建立
set fire to 放火烧
set an example for 为某人树立榜样
103. start
start from 从…开始
start with 就此开始(=begin with)
start after sb. 追赶上某人
start off 动身出发
start out 着手进行
at the very start 一开始
104. take
take away 拿走,离开
take back 拿回来 take back one's words 收回(刚讲的话)
take A for B 把A误认为是B
take in sth 接受, 吸收,欺骗,
take off 起飞,取消
take on 呈现,承担,雇用
take up 占据(时间,地方),从事于 ,拿起武器
take pride in =be proud of 引以为豪
take turns doing sth轮流做某事
take in turn 依次
take pains to do 努力做某事
take a chance 碰运气
take a lead 带头
take effect 生效
take charge of 负责
take one's leave 告辞
105. think
think about 考虑,关心
think of 想起,记得,觉得怎样
think of as 把…当作…
think over 仔细考虑
think out 想出,解决了,想清楚
think back to 回想过去
think well of 高度评价(think highly of 高度评价)
106. throw
throw about 到处扔
throw away 扔掉,浪费(金钱),失去(机会)
throw back 扔回来,阻止,进攻
throw down 扔下来,推翻
throw in 扔,扔进 (throw into 扔,扔进)
throw in a word or two 插一两句话
throw off 匆忙地脱掉,摆脱,扔掉
throw off one's airs 放下某人的架子
throw on 匆忙穿上
throw out 赶走
throw light on 提供线索,有助理解某事
 throw one's self into 投入
107. turn
turn back 翻回到
turn down 拒绝,音量调低
turn up 音量调高,出席turn in 上交 Please turn in your paper before leaving. 请在离开前将论文交上。
turn oneself in 自首
turn into 把…变成…,把…翻译成…
turn out 结果是,制造出,生产出,培养出,关(煤气)
turn over 移交,把…打翻
turn to 转向,求助于,翻到第几页
turn to sb for help 求助于
turn against 背叛
turn by one's 轮流,交替
in one's turn 轮到某人做某事
108. wear
wear sb out   使某人精疲力尽
wear sth out  使某物被穿破
wear off    慢慢地消失掉,褪掉
wear away  磨掉,(时间)消逝
wear on (时间)消逝 
109.add up     总计,加起来
add to     增加
add…to… 往……里添加……
add up to 总数为,加起来等于
add that   补充说……
例:——Can you ______ all the money that I should pay?
——Very sorry. Please wait a minute, madam. 
A. add     B. add to     C. add up     D. add up to
答案:选C.“ 加起来 ”
110. concern v.&n. (使)担忧,涉及;担心,关注
concern oneself with/in 从事,干涉
as/so far as … be concerned 就……而言
show/feel concern about/for... 担心/挂念/关心……
 be concern with 与……有关的
 be concern about for 关心 
例句:The meeting was concerned ___ the arrangement of personnel (员工),so people were concerned ___their futures.
A. with, with   B. with ,about C. for,about 
D. about, with
答案: 选B. be concerned with “与……有关”;be   concerned about “关心”
111.It (This/That) is/was the first/second/third... time that... 是一种常见句型,意为“某人第一(二、三……)次做某事”。
 It is time that sb. Did/should do sth.
某人应该做某事了,should 不可省略。
It is time for sb. To do sth.到了某人该做某事的时候了。
the first time 第一次,用作连词,后接时间状语从句。
for the first time 第一次,介词短语用作状语,可单独使用。
例:It was the third time that China______ people into space.
A. has sent   B. sends     C. will send     D. had send
答案:选D. 一般过去时和过去完成时相呼应。
112. get tired of 厌倦(一般指精神上的),厌烦
   get/be tired of 厌烦,对……厌烦
   get/be tired from 因为……而疲惫(一般指体力上的)
例:I don’t think she is a nice woman. I’m______ her empty talk.
A. grate for    B. tired of      C. fond of      D.concerned about
 答案:选B. “厌倦”
 
113.      more than
more than + 基数词“数量上超过”
more than + 名词“不只是,不仅仅”
more than + 其他词类“非常,很,多过……”
more than + 主语 +can + 谓语“……不能”或“非……所能”
例句:----Do you need any help, Mary?
      ----Yes. The job is _____I could do myself.
   A. less than   B. more than    C. no more than    D. not more than 
解析: 选B. 由Yes 可知Mary 需要帮助。句意是:我自己做不了这项工作。
114.because of 的同义短语
as a result of “结果,由于” 常用作状语。
due to “由于” 作表语或状语。
on account of “因为” 作状语。
owing to “由于” 作表语或状语。
thanks to “多亏,由于” 作表语或状语。
例句:The little boy got punished______ what he had done.
 A. because    B. because of    C. since     D. as
解析: 选B. because of 为复合介词,表示“由于,因为”,后接名词,动名词,代词,在句子中作状语。
115.Present adj. n. vt. 现在的,出席的;礼物,赠送,介绍,呈递
be present at 出席,参加
present sb. with sth. 把某物交给某人
present sth. with sb. 向某人出示/提交某物
for the present 目前,暂时
例句:He added all the people ____at the party were his supporters.
   A. present   B. absent    C. interested    D. important
解析:选A. 考察形容词的用法,present 作定语后置,放在名字后面修饰。
116.make use of
take advantage of 利用
make good/full use of 充分利用
make the best/most use of 好好利用
例句: Every minute ____ spoken English.
 A. was made use of to practicing      B. was made use of practicing
 C. was made use to practice          D. was made use of to practice
解析: 选D. make use of sth . to do “利用……来做谋事”, 不定式在此表目的。
117.recongnize 认出,认识
recongnize sb. to be 承认某人是……
be recongnize as 被承(公)认是……
recongnize that… 承认……
例句:As soon as he read the letter, he _____ Jerry’s handwriting at once.
 A. recognized   B. realized   C. regarded   D. remembered
解析:选A. “认出”
118.prefer
①prefer sth / doing sth / to do sth   更喜欢做某事
②prefer (doing) A to (doing) B      喜欢……而不喜欢……
③prefer to do sth rathen than do sth   宁愿做……而不愿做……
④prefer sb to do sth                宁愿某人做某事
⑤prefer t that 从句,从句中用“should+动词原形”,should可省略。
例句:Little Tom prefers ____to watching TV at weekends.
 A. to read    B. reading    C. read    D. a reading
 解析:选B. prefer… to 喜欢…… 不喜欢……
119、imagine 设想,想象
①imagine+that从句
②imagine+名词或代词或动名词
例句:I just can’t imagine his going though the book in such a short time .
A. go     B.to go   C. going   D.gone
解析:选c. imagine+动名词.
120、insist
表“坚持要去做,一定要去做”时,后接从句,从句要用虚拟语气,即“should+动词原形”,should可省略。
.意为“坚持说(存在的事实)”时,后接宾语从句不用虚拟语气。
例句:Mary insisted that we ______ the problem immediately.
 A. solve     B. solved     C. had solved   D. would solve
 解析:选A. 从句应该用虚拟语气
121、seem   “似乎, 看起来,好象”。 其常用句式:
It seems that…  
It seems like = It seems to be
例句:1)It seems that we are going to win the game. 
      2) Kate seems to be really upset today.
122.encourage   鼓励,鼓舞
encourage sb to do sth 鼓励(某人)做(某事)
discourage sb from doing sth 不让(某人)做(某事)
 例句:1) Our English teacher always encourages us to learn English well.
       2) He always discourages us from translating everything into Chinese.
123.   injure
区别injure harm hurt wound
injure一般指意外事故引起的损伤。
harm“损害,伤害”,指损伤有生命的,也可以是损伤无生命的东西。
hurt“伤害”,既可以指肉体的伤害,也可是精神上,感情上的伤害。
wound“伤”,一般指外伤,如枪伤,刀伤等
 例句:1)I was badly injured in the relay race.
       2) I was hurt because he was so rude .
       3) The soldiers were seriously wounded in the front.
124. prepare
prepare sth相当于get sth ready,“准备干某事”。
prepare for sth=make preparations for sth “为……做准备”。
prepare后接双宾语,prepare sb sth为某人准备……。
be prepared for为……准备 be prepared to do愿意做某事
 例句: 1) Mum has prepared breakfast for us .
        2) We are preparing for the meeting .
125. shelter n. 住宿,避难处   V. 提供住所,保护
give/provide shelter to 给……庇护的地方
seek/find/take shelter from… 躲避……
shelter oneself under/behind/beneath…意为“躲在……之后,依仗,隐匿于……之下”。
shelter sb/sth from(sb/sth)给某人/某物提供庇护处
 例句:We should find more______ for the refugees.
   A. places   B. room C. space    D. shelters
 解析:选D. “安身之处,避难处”
126. happen vi.   发生    
happen to+名词/代词
happen to do 表示“碰巧做某事”。
happen upon 偶然碰到,意外发现。
what happen if… 如果……怎么办?
whatever happens=happen what may 无论发生……
 例句:What ______ when I passed by your house?
     A. happened with you         B has happened to you    
C. had happened to you        D. was happening to you
 解析:选D. 时态应该用过去进行时态,表示当时正在发生。
127.         think little of 对……不在意,不考虑
think highly/well of 对……评价很高/印象很好
think a great deal/a lot/much of 对……印象很好
think nothing of 认为没什么;把……视为平常
think badly/ill/poorly of 对……评价很糟/很低
 例句: Many leaders of the US ____ at that time.
A. were not highly thought of    B. were not thought of
C. were not thought of highly     D. were highly not thought of
 解析:选A. 考察短语 think highly of ,其被动语态highly 应该放在过去分词前面。
128. Are you willing to do public service work without pay? 
   be willing to 愿意做某事
   willing adj. 乐意的,自愿的
   I’m willing to help you.
   I’m quite willing for your brother to join us.
129. Do you easily lose heart when you are in trouble?
    lose heart 灰心,丧失信心
    Please don’t lose heart; you still have more chances.
    lose one’s heart 爱上,喜欢上
    She lost her heart to him as soon as she saw the handsome soldier.
    in trouble 有麻烦,处于不幸中
He never came except when he was in trouble.
 
130. He died for his ideas but his work was later used in the Bible.                            他为了自己的思想而献身,但他的成果后来应用于《圣经》。
   die for 为……而死
   They died for the people. Their death is weightier than Mount Taishan.
   I am dying for a cup of water.
   die for 也意为“渴望,切望”(只用于进行时态)
131. He fought against the German Nazis and Japanese invaders during World War II. 二战时期他抵抗德国纳粹和日本侵略者。
    fight (fought, fought)
    fight for 为……而战
    fight against 与……作斗争
    We will have to fight against difficulties.
They told the workers to fight for their rights
132. design    n..设计,图案
             v.设计,计划
   design sth. for sb./sth   为某人/物设计某物(主动)
   be designed for 为…设计的(被动)
   be designed to do 目的是...
练习:
根据中文提示,用所构成搭配完成下列句子。
1)             这台机器设计得很差,但运转得很好。
The machine is of poor design,but works well.
2)这个大房子是为一个大家庭而设计的。
The house is designed for a large family.
3)这款汽车是为保护环境而设计的。
This kind of car was designed to protect the environment.
133.belong to属于   sth. belongs to sb
own 拥有      sb. owns sth. 
例句:1. That book belongs to me.
      2. I own that book..
例题:My teacher keeps telling me that the future      to the well-educated.
A. is belonging B. is belonged C. belongs D. will be belonged
解析:选 C. belong to 不能用于进行时态和被动态 。
134. worth adj. 值得的;相当于…价值
   ( sth. ) be worth + n./ doing 值得…/ 值得做…
   ( sth.) be worthy + to be done / of being done 某事值得做
It’s worthwhile + to do sth./ doing sth.   值得做某事
例句:1.How much is the picture worth ?
      2. I think the film is well worth seeing.
      3. The picture is worth $500.
      4. The place is worthy of being visited again.
      5. It is worthwhile to buy the dictionary.
135. There is no doubt that… 毫无疑问 … ,引导同位语从句,从句说明doubt的具体内容。
   例子:There is no doubt that she will keep her word.                 
        competition n.竞争;比赛
136. compete vi.竞争;比赛 competitor n. 竞争者;对手
competitive adj.竞争的;有竞争性的
例句:We should compete ____other countries ____international events.
 A. against, on   B. with, on    C. against, in D. on ,for
解析:选C. compete against/with 与……竞争;compete in 在……方面竞争
137. stand for 代表;象征;表示
stand by 站在一旁;袖手旁观;支持;坚持
stand back 向后退
stand down 退出(比赛或竞选);(从某职位上)退下
stand out 显眼;引人注泪
stand up 起立;(论点等)站得住脚
例句:The letters“U S A”stand for the United States of America.
      The Opera House in Sydney really stands out.
      He always stands by when we are in trouble.
138. 强调句式及结构
It is/was+被强调的成分+that/who+句子其余部分
例句:It was the training ___he had at school ___made him a good jumper.
 A. what, what   B. that, that   C. what , that   D. that ,what
解析:选B. 第一个空that引导定语从句,第二个空是强调句式中的that.
139.一般将来时态的被动语态及常见的结构形式基本构成形式:will/shall+be+v.pp.
其它常见的结构形式:
1). be to be done.
2). be going to be done
3). will/shall get done 
例句:In 2012 the Olympic Games are to be held in London.
      The problem isn’t going to be discussed at the meeting.
140. charge vt. vi收费;控诉;n费用;主管;控告
       charge…for…因为…而收费/要价
       take charge(of)负责;掌管
归纳  in charge of 主管;负责,掌握
in the charge of=in one’s charge 由…负责/主管
charge sb. with…指控某人…
例句:All the children _____the nurse are taken good care of .
      A. taking care of     B. in the charge of   
C. in charge of     D. under charge of
解析: 选B . in the charge of 作后置定语。
141. from …on 
from now on     从现在起
from then on      从那时起
from that time on   从那时起
from time to time . 有时, 偶尔
 例句:They decided that ____they would never tell lies to their parents.
     A. from now on    B. from then on  
C. since then      D. from time to time
答案;选B . from then on “从那时起” 句意是:他们决定从那时起,再也不向父母撒谎了。
142.As time went by, I was made smaller. 随时时间的流逝,我被弄得更小了。
as 在本句中引导时间状语从句,意为“随着” as 还可以引导原因,方式,让步状语从句等。
1)     They did as I had asked.             (按照,依照)
2)     He sat watching her as she had supper. ( 当。。。。。。时候)
3)     She may need some help as she’s new.   (因为,既然)
4)     Young as he is, he knows a lot.          (尽管, 虽然)
5)     As years went by, my father grow old      (随着)
143.go by     (指时间)过去,消逝;走过,经过
   go against 违背
   go ahead   进展
   go in for    从事,爱好
   go over     复习,检查
   go on with   继续
   go out       熄灭
   go through   经历,遭受
例句:Two years _____, without their knowing it .
   A. went by    B. passed by    C. went on    D. passed on
 答案:选A .
144. in a way           在某种程度上
in the way         挡路,碍事
out of the way      不再挡路,不在碍事
on the way /on one’s way 在途中,就要来
by the way         顺便说/问一下
all the way         一路上,自始至终
no way            没门
 例句:----I think she has made great progress in her English study.
       ----I agree with you _____.
A. on the way    B. in a way    C. by the way     D. in the way
   答案:选B ,“在某种程度上”
 
 145.die out     灭亡,逐渐消失
die away    (声音,风,光)慢慢变弱,渐渐消失
die down     (兴奋,火等)渐弱,渐熄,平息
die off        (家庭,种族)相继死亡,(草木)先后枯死
die of         因……死亡(内因)
die from       因……死亡(外因)
   例句:If too many of these animals are killed ,their kind will______.
A. die off    B. die of     C. die out    D. die away
答案: 选C “灭绝,消亡”
146.protect...from/ against 保护……避免/免受……的伤害
3) He protected his hands from the cold with gloves.
4) Lucy raised her arm to protect her face against fire.
例题:The great difficulty _____ him achieving what he wanted to achieve.
       A. kept     B. protected     C. defeated    D. prevented
[解析] 选D句意“巨大的困难阻止了他实现他的理想”。 Protect...from 和defeat…from 中的from 均不可以省略,且与句意不符。
 3.appreciate   鉴赏,感激,意识到
appreciate doing sth.
appreciate it +从句
 1) I can’t appreciate western music.
 2) I will appreciate it if you help me learn music.
 3) We have appreciated your difficulties.
 例题 I’d appreciate_____if you would turn the radio down.
         A. that      B. it      C. this       D. you
    [解析] 句意:如果你能把收音机音量关小,我很感谢的。Like ,love ,appreciate, hate, 等词后接从句时,常用it做形式宾语。
147.do harm to     (对……)有危害
be harmful to   对……有害
harmful        有害的,导致损害的
harmless        无害的
come to no harm 没有受到伤害
 例句:The harm which ____ his health is out of our imagination.
   A. was done   B. was done to    C. did      D. did to
 [解析] 选B. do harm to ,先行词harm 在定语从句中做主语,所以要用被动语态。
148. incient 指附带的小事件,事端,政变
   accident 指意外事故
   event    强调重大的,引人注目的事件,也可指体育赛事
a)    A journalist will soon be sent to cover the event.
b)    Do you have any idea when the traffic accident happened?
c)    The Lugouqiao Incident occurred on July, 1937.
148.dream   n.梦想
                 realize/fulfill one's dream实现梦想
                 one's dream come true  实现梦想
                 v梦想
                  dream of  /about (doing)  sth.梦想做某事
                  dream away 虚度光
 例句:I’ve always dreamt ___ coming to China and now the dream has come__.
   A. about , real    B. of , true      C. out , truth    D. from , truly
 解析: 选B. dream of /about doing 梦想做某事; come true 梦想“变成现实”
149.pretend   v.假装
     pretend +to do/  to be doing /to have done 
                             + n.
                             + that从句
 例句: Don’t pretend _____. Your book is upside down.
A. to read   B. to be reading 
       C. to have read   D. reading
   解析:选B. 用不定式的进行式。
150.honest adj.诚实的 
    反义词 dishonest
    honestly adv.诚实地
    honesty n. 诚实
    to be honest  说实在地,说实话 常用作插入语
    be  honest with sb.对某人坦诚
be  honest  in (doing) sth .在(做)方面坦诚
 1) To be honest, that’s all the money I have .    (说实话)
 2)   Mike is honest with others in doing business. (对…坦诚)
151. attach v.贴上,附上,系上
    attach  sth. to 将……附在……
    attach  importance /value to 认为……重要
be attached to sb.依恋,爱慕某人
   1) I attached a wire to a radio.
   2) People attach too much importance to economic forecasts.
   3) The research unit is attached to the university.
152.sb. be/get familiar with ……某人熟悉……
     sth. be  familiar to sb.某人熟悉……
    例句: The music sounds ____me ,but I can’t remember its name .
     A. familiar with    B. similar to    
C. similar with    D. familiar to
 解析: 选D. be familiar to    为某人所熟悉
 
                       晏联菊   2011-3-9
1、I can well remember that there was a time when a deep blue sky , the song of the birds, moonlight and flowers could never have kept me spellbound. 我记得非常清楚,以前,湛蓝的天空,鸟儿的歌唱,月光和鲜花,从未令我心迷神往过。
句中的when是关系副词,引导一个限制性定语从句,修饰先行词a time , 表示“(有过)一段……时光。先行词在从句中做时间状语。
2、Do you want a friend whom you could tell everything to , like your deepest feelings and thoughts ? 你是否想有一位无话不谈能推心置腹的朋友呢?
Whom you could tell everything to 是定语从句,修饰先行词 friend , 先行词在从句中做介词to 的宾语。
3、It was the first time inayear and a half that I’d seen the night face to face.
It’s the first time…that…表示“这是某人第一次做某事。”在此句式中, that 从句部分的谓语动词应使用完成时态。
例句:This is the first time that I have heard of it .
It was the third time that she had come to this village.
4、I do want to change this situation , but I don’t knock how.我确实很想改变这种状况,但不知道如何去做。
句中do 表示强调,意思是“确实,的确”通常是在动词原形前加do/does/did来加强谓语的语气。
例句:I do love you.
The Greek merchant did make a big fortune.
5、Today more people speak English as there first, second or a foreign language than ever before .如今,说英语的人比以往任何时候更多了,他们有的是作为第一语言来说,有的是作为第二语言或作为一门外语。
此句中的as 用作介词,表示“可做;以……的身份。”表此义时as后面接名词或代词,可做方式状语。常与动词work,act,think,regard等搭配。
例句:She works as an interpreter in that company.
You can regard him as friend.
6、It was based more on German than the English we speak at present.当时的英语更多地是以德语为基础,而非现代英语。
be based on 是“以……为基础”的意思,强调以某事物为另一事物的根据、证据等。介词on也可以改为upon,后接名词或动名词。
例句:This song is based on an old folk song.
      This novel is based on fact.
7、So by the 1600’s Shakespeare was able to make use of a wider vocabulary than ever before.因此到17世纪,莎士比亚能够使用比以前多得多的词汇。
     make use of 是短语动词,意思是“利用”,use在这里是不可数名词,其前可以用形容词修饰,make good/full/little use of sth .表示“好好/充分/不利用某物。”
例句:We will make good use of our time.
      We make use of electricity every day.
8、Today the number of people learning English in China is increasing rapidly.目前在中国学习英语的 人数正在迅速增长。
the number of是一个名词短语,意为“……的数量,”其复数形式为the numbers of,做主语时,谓语动词随the number的单复数变化。
例题:As you can see, the number of cars on our roads­­       rising these days.
B. was keeping     B. keep  C. keeps   D. were keeping
解析:C.本题考查主谓一致。the number of 表示“……的数量”,做主语时采用单数谓语;a number of 表示“许多”,采用复数谓语。
9、Believe it or not, there is no such thing as standard English.信不信由你,(世界上)没有什么标准英语。
短语believe it or not 意为“信不信由你”,是whether you believe it or not 的缩写形式,常用做插入语。
例句:Believe it or not, John cheated in the exams.
10、Which kind of transport do you prefer to use :bus or train? 哪一种交通工具你更喜欢:公共汽车还是火车?
动词prefer表示“更喜欢,宁愿”,后接带to 的不定式,也表示一个具体的特定行为。
例句:We prefer to live this way.
      He prefers to go on a picnic.
11、When are you leaving? 你何时动身?
Where are you staying? 你计划住在哪里?
本句中使用的are leaving和are staying都是用现在进行时态来表示将来按计划或安排的动作。现在进行时可以与表示将来时间的状语连用,能这样用的动词很有限,常用的如:arrive,come, drive, fly ,go ,leave, start, travel等。
例句:The neighbours are coming in to watch television.
12、She gave me a determined look — the kind that said she would not change her mind.她给了我一个坚定的眼神—这种眼神表明她是不会改变主意的。
determined 在句中是形容词,意为“坚定的;坚决的”。
例句:His mother is a determined woman who always gets what she wants.
      They were determined to drive the enemy from their land.
13、once she has made up her mind, nothing can change it 她一旦下了决心,什么也不能使她改变。
Once在这里做连词,意思是“一旦(……就)”,引导状语从句。
例句:Once you make a promise, you should keep it.
      Once you show fear, he will attack you.
14、Imagine your home begins to shake and you must leave it right away. 设想你的家开始晃动,你必须马上离开。
英语中表示“想;设想;想象(某种情况)”时,常用“imagine+名词/that从句”结构,常译成“设想……”。
例句:Imagine you’ve been shipwrecked.
例题:— Look! He’s running so fast !
      — Hard to     his legs were once broken.
A. know     B. imagine    C. realize    D. find
解析:B、本题考查动词的词义辨析。imagine表示“想象”。
15、It seemed as if the world was at an end!看上去世界末日似乎到了!
as if 表示“好像,仿佛”,是从属连词,与as though 意义相同,一般引导方式状语从句。在as if/as though 引导的从句中,如果与事实相反则使用虚拟语气。
例题:Eliza remembers everything exactly as if it        yesterday.
A. was happening    B. happens   C. has happened   D. happened
解析:D、 “好像是昨天发生的一样”,但不是昨天发生的,这是一种与事实相反的虚拟语气,as if 从句中的动词须采用过去式,所以选D。
16、No wind,however, could blow them away.然而它们是不可能被风刮走的。
副词however的意思是“然而;不过”,表示转折,使用中经常用逗号将其与句中其余成分隔开。
例句:He has made some spelling mistakes in his paper ; however, this is not serious.
17、All hope was not lost 不是所有的希望都破灭了。
英语中all…not… =not all…或some but not all,意思是“一些,但不是全部”。注意不要将其译成“都不(是)……”,而要译成“不都(是)……”,此种情况被称为部分否定
例句:Not all the girls left.(= Only some of the girls left.)
      Not all the children are noisy.(Some of the children are not noisy.)
18、China and Japan have mid-autumn festivals, when people admire the moon and in China, enjoy moonquakes.
此句中的动词admire是“钦佩;赞赏;羡慕,(某人/某事物)”的意思。常用结构为admire sb/sth for…也可用于admire sb as…,表示钦佩某人是……。
例句:I admire her for her bravery.
      He was admired as a hero.
19、People love to get together to eat, drink and have fun with each other.
此句中的名词fun是“娱乐;乐趣”的意思,常与have或be连用,have fun译做“玩得高兴”。注意fun是不可数名词
例句:This is not a match. We’re playing chess just for        .
A.   habit    B. hobby   C. fun    D. game
解析:C. for fun是“好玩;娱乐”的意思。
20、They got married ,and they were very happy.
表示已婚的状态,常用be/get married. “和某人结婚”可以用marry sb., be/get married to sb,也可以说A and B get married 或A and B are married .
例句:She was married to a lawyer.
      She was determined to marry all her daughters to the rich.
21、I don’t want them to remind me of her.句中的动词remind是“提醒;使想起”的意思。remind常使用的句型有remind sb of sth “使某人想起某事“,remind sb to sth “提醒某人做某事”
例题:What you said just now      me of that American professor.
B、             mentioned B、informed C、reminded D、memorized
解析:C   本题考查动词remind的用法。句意是“你刚才的话使我想起了那位美国教授”。
22、“Nothing could be better ,”he thought.他认为,“再也没有比这个更好地了。”
此句是比较级的否定形式,实际上表示最高级意思。
例句:Nobody loved money better than he.没人比他更贪财。
例题:Boris has brains.In fact, I doubt whether anyone in the class has
      IQ.
A. a high    B. a higher  C. the higher   D. the highest
解析:B 本题填a higher 表示“怀疑能否有人比他的智商还高”,暗示“他的智商是最高的。”
23、I’m fond of ……
be fond of 意为“爱好,喜欢,”后跟名词、代词或动名词做其宾语,表示惯常的爱好。
例句:She is fond of light music.
例题:More and more young people are fond       playing tennis nowadays.
A.on      B. to      C. in        D. of
解析:D   be fond of 是固定词组,意为“喜欢。”
24、Why don’t you do sth?/Why not do sth?
本句型表示“(你)为何不做某事呢”是建议“某人去做某事”的又一表达形式。而Why not do sth ?是Why don’t you do sth ? 的省略形式。
例句:If you are tired , why don’t you lie down ?
例题:Why not      an order      a TV set of this new type ?
A. to place ;on   B. placing ;on C. place ; for D. place ;at
解析:C    本题考查情景英语。Why not 表示建议,后跟动词原形。place an order for sth 指“订购某物”。
25、’d better do sth /’d better not do sth 本句型作“最好做/不做某事”解,其中’d better 是had better的省略形式,为“最好”之意,之后要接动词原形。
例句:You’d better not drink Coca-Cola.
例题:You         go there today. It is going to rain.
A. had better not                B. had not better
C. had better not to           D. had not better to
解析:A   本题考查had better 是否定结构。 had better后接动词原形,变否定句时在better后加not。
26、It is Henry ,an American businessman , who is lost in London and does not know what he should do .
该句为强调句。这种句子的结构是“It is/was+被强调部分+that/who+句子的其余部分”。如果强调部分是人,可用who,whom代替that。
例题:It is the ability to do the job     matters not where you come from or what you are.
 A. one   B. that    C. what      D. this
解析:B 此句的意思是“真正重要的是你做这项工作的能力,而不是你的背景或身份”。在此句中名词短语 the ability to do the job 是原句的主语,是被强调成分,故答案为B。
27、Go right ahead .
(1)go ahead 是英语口语中的一个常用短语,在此句可译为“请吧”。
例句:-I wonder if I could use your phone ?
      -Sure. Go ahead.
(2)go ahead 还可表示“(同意对方)着手干”或“取得进展”等意思。
例句:-May I start now ?       -Yes, go ahead .
例题:-I wonder if I could possibly use your car for tonight ?
-      ,I’m not using it anyhow.
A. Sure, go ahead B. I don’t know C. Yes, indeed   D.I don’t care
解析:A 本题考查交际用语。此处go ahead 表示允许对方做某事。
28、No one knows exactly how the earth began, as it happened so long ago.
句子中as it happened so long ago 是as 引导的原因状语从句。当as 做连词时,可引导原因,时间,比较,方式,程度或让步等状语从句。引导原因状语从句时与because和since引导的从句比较起来语气最弱。
例句:As he is ill, I have to go without him.
例题:Jenry was very sad over the loss of the photos,      this was a memory she especially treasured.
A. as   B. if  C. when   D.where 
解析:A   本题考查原因状语从句。
29No + v-ing, please.
本句型用来表示“指示别人不要做某事,”即在No后加动名词,发出简短的指令。
例句:No talking ,please.
      No shouting, please.
      No Smoking!
      No Parking
30、He would rather keep time for his hobbies.
他宁愿把时间花在自己的业余爱好上。
would rather(not)do sth (than do ) 意为“宁愿(不)做某事。
例句:I would rather stay at home than go to the park today.
      She’d rather die than lose the children.
31、As time went by he began making films.
随着时间的推移,他开始拍电影。
as是连词,引导时间状语从句,意为“随着……;在……的同时。”go by 此处表示“(时间)过去,”相当于pass。
例句:Time went by slowly .
      As time went by , she became more and more worried.
32、The theme park you are probably most familiar with is Disneyland .你最熟悉的主题公园很可能就是迪斯尼乐园吧。
familiar做形容词,意为“熟悉的;常见的;普通的,”常用短语sb/sth be familiar to sb 表示“某人或某事为某人所熟悉”;sb be familiar with sth/sb意为“某人熟悉某人或某事。”
例句:The new teacher is not quite familiar with his student.
      The Bible is the book which is familiar to every Englishman.
33、I think my long and active life must be due to the healthy life I live.我想我之所以长寿而且精力充沛,要归功于我的健康生活。
must是情态动词,must do用于肯定句中表示对现在情况的肯定推测,意为“一定……,”must have done结构表示对过去情况的肯定推测。表示对过去情况的否定推测用情态动词can或could。
例句:You must be the new student.你一定是新来的学生吧。
I think you must have made a mistake.我想你一定是弄错了。
例题:She    have left school, for her bike is still here.
A. can’t    B. wouldn’t    C. shouldn’t    D. needn’t
解析:A   “情态动词+have done”表示对过去情况的推测。can’t have done “(过去)不可能做过某事”。
34、Do you enjoy taking risks?你喜欢冒险吗?
risk 在句中做名词,意为“风险,危险”;做动词时,意为“冒……险,”其后只能接名词、代词、动名词做宾语。
例句:He got well-prepared for the jab interview, for he couldn’t risk 
       the good opportunity.
A. to lose   B. losing  C. to be lost D. being lost
解析:B   risk后只能跟动名词做宾语。
35、In spite of all his efforts he failed. 尽管他努力了,但还是失败了。
句中的in spite of 是介词短语,相当于介词despite,意为“虽然;尽管;不顾,不管,”后接名词、名词短语或代词。
例句:He can’t see very well in spite of his glasses.
例题:The open-air celebration has been put off      the bad weather.
A. in case of    B. in spite of C. instead of      D. because of
 解析:D    本题考查介词短语辨析。根据句意“因为天气不好,户外庆祝活动被推迟”可知选D项。
36、There is no doubt that the earth is becoming warmer.
句中的There is no doubt that ……为固定句式,意为“……是毫无疑问”。其中的doubt为名词,意为“怀疑,疑惑”,当用于否定句和疑问句中时,后用that来引起从句;当用于肯定句中时,后用whether或if来引起从句。
例句:I don’t doubt that you are honest.
      I doubt whether the news is true.
例题:Some researchers believe that there is no doubt      a cure for AIDS will be found.
A. which     B. that     C. what       D. whether 
解析:B 考查句型There is no doubt that……
37、With the ‘greenhouse effect ’,the earth would be about thirty-three degrees Celsius cooler than it is .如果没有温室效应,地球的温度将会比现在低大约33摄氏度。
此句为介词without引起的含蓄虚拟条件句,意为“如果没有……”。含蓄虚拟条件句表示现在的情况,谓语动词形式为would接动词原形;表示过去的情况,谓语动词形式为would接现在完成时。另外but for“要不是……”,otherwise“否则”也有此用法。
例句:Without you ,I wouldn’t be able to manage.
It didn’t rain yesterday. Otherwise we wouldn’t arrive on time today.
38、Every time you feel like smoking a cigarette, remind yourself that you are a non-smoker.每次当你想要吸烟的时候,就提醒自己你是一个不吸烟的人。
remind意为“提醒;使……想起”。用作 remind of sth;remind that/wh-;remind to do sth
 例句:The picture reminded me of my school days. 这张照片使我想起了学生时代。
Remind me to write to my mother.请提醒我给母亲写信。
例题:In our childhood, we were often      by Grandma to pay attention to our table manners.
A. demanded   B. reminded  C. allowed     D. hoped
解析:B 本题考查动词辨析。be reminded to do “被提醒做某事”
39、Together, individuals can make a difference.众人拾柴火焰高。
句中make  a difference 为习惯用语,意为“有关系;有影响;有差别”。
例句:Flowers make a difference to a room.
例题:His passing the exam or not doesn’t      to me.
A. make no difference    B. make any difference
C. tell no difference    D. tell the difference
解析:B  make any difference 意为“和我没有什么关系”。
40、No way. 没门。
此短语意为“不;没门”,表示断然拒绝做某事;还有“不会吧;不可能”之意,表示不相信或惊讶。
例句:— I think you should phone Jenny and say sorry to her.
      .It was her fault.
A. No way     B. Not possible   C. No chance    D. Not at all
解析:A   本题为情景交际题,no way 是个俚语,意为“不;没门”。
 
41.句型 would rather that somebody did…“宁愿去做…;更愿意去做…”(表示现在或将来的愿望)
    would rather that somebody had done…“宁愿做过…就好了”(表示过去的愿望)
[例句]
I’d rather you posted the letter right now. 我想让你现在去寄信。
I’d rather that I hadn’t seen her yesterday. 我情愿昨天没有看到她。
42. 句型 as if/though+主语+did/had done…好像……(表示现在或将来的情况用过去时;表示过去的情况用过去完成时)
 [例句]
Our head teacher treats us as if we were her own children, so all the students in our class think highly of her. 我们班主任把我们当成自己儿子一般对待,所以班上所有同学对他评价都很高。
Alan talked about Rome as if he had been there.  Alan谈起罗马来就好像他去过那里似的。
43. 句型
   “wish +宾语从句”,表示不大 可能实现的愿望
表示现在的愿望:主语+过去时
表示过去的愿望:主语+had done
表示将来的愿望:主语+would/could do
[例句]
How I wish we students had more free time to relax ourselves! 我们学生多么希望有更多的自由时间放松自己!
I failed in the maths exam. How I wish I hadn’t wasted so much time playing!
What a pity you can’t go to the party. How I wish I could dance with you at the party!
44. 句型
    It’s( high) time that somebody did (should do) (should通常不省略) …早就该……
[例句]
It’s time that you went to school.= It’s time that you should go to school.
It’s high time that we did something to improve our environment. 该是我们为环保做些事情了。
45.   情态动词+动词不定式完成结构的用法
could have done “本来可以……”(表示过去没有实现的可能)。
might have done “本来可能…;本来应该或可以做某事”(实际没有发生;含有轻微的责备语气。
should/ought to have done “本来该做某事”(而实际未做)
should not/ought not to have done “本来不该做”(实际却做过了,含有责备语气)
needn’t have done “本来不必做”(但是已经做过了)
would rather have done 当时宁愿做了某事”(实际没有做过);否定式would rather not have done表达相反意思,两者都有表示“后悔”之意。
46.   as, though, although引导的让步状语从句。
[注意]although位于句首;though位于句首或句中;as位于句中=though,它的词序是把句中强调的形容词、副词、动词或名词放在连词前。请注意下列句式的变化:
[例句]
1. Although/Though I’m young, I already know what career I want to follow.
Young as/though I am, I already know what career I want to follow.
我虽然年轻,但我已经明白我应该追随什么样的事业。
2. Although/Though he is a child, he knows a lot of Chinese characters.
 →Child(省略冠词)as/though he is, he knows a lot of Chinese characters. 他虽然还是个孩子,却认识了许多汉字。
47. 句型   …before…特殊用法(1)“没来得及……就……
[例句]
The roof fell before he had time to dash into the room to save his baby.
他还没有来得及冲进房间救孩子,房顶就塌了。
He ran off before I could stop him. 我还没有来得及阻止,他已经跑了。
48.  …before…特殊用法(2)“过了多久才……”或“动作进行到什么程度才……
[例句]
He almost knocked me down before he knew it.
他几乎撞到我了才意识到。
We had walked a long way before we found some water.
我们走了很长的路才找到一点水。
Five years went by before I knew it. 不知不觉,五年过去了。
49. It was + 时间段+before….“过了多久才(怎么样)……”
It was not long before….“不久,就……”
It will (not) be +时间段+before….“要过多久(不久)……才……”
[例句]
It was not long before he sensed the danger of the position.不久他就意识到他处境的危险。
It will not be long before they understand each other. 他们大概不久就会互相了解。
50. in case of…(+n.) “以防;万一”;
in case that…“以防,万一……”(谓语动词用一般现在时态或should+动词原形)
[例句]
Please remind me about it in case I forget/should forget. 万一我忘了,请提醒我。
Please take your umbrella in case (that it rains/should rain).带上雨伞,以防下雨。
51.   It强调句型
强调句的基本构成:It is/was + 被强调的部分 + who(主要指人时)/that + 其余部分
 [例句1]
I saw him in the street yesterday afternoon.
→It was I who saw him in the street yesterday afternoon.(强调主语)
→It was him that/who I saw in the street yesterday afternoon.(强调宾语)
[例句2]
He didn’t go to bed until his mother came back.
→It was not until his mother came back that he went to bed.
52. (1)、祈使句(表条件)+ or/or else/ otherwise + 简单句(表结果)… “否则…,要不然…”
(2)、祈使句(表条件)+ and +简单句(表结果)
[例句]
Give him an inch and he will take a mile. 得寸进尺。
Work hard and you will make progress every day. 好好学习,天天向上。
53. …until….“直到……时候”;not…until…“直到……才……”
[例句]
You are to stay until/till your mother comes back.你得等到你妈妈回来。
He didn’t go to bed until his mother came back.
→It was not until his mother came back that he went to bed.(强调句)
Not until he failed in the exam did he realize that he had wasted much time playing computer games.直到又考试失败了,他才意识到自己浪费太多时间玩电脑游戏。
54.    unless…“除非,如果不……”(=if…not)
[例句]
I won’t go unless he comes to invite me himself.
除非他本人来邀请我,不然我是不会去的。
I won’t attend his birthday party unless invited (=unless I am invited). 除非被邀请,否则我不去参加他的生日晚会。
55.   when引导并列分句
when引导并列分句,意思是“这时突然;就在那时突然”强调另一个动作的突然发生。常用于以下句型中:(1)、主语 + be doing… when…意思是“正在做某事,这时……”;(2)、主语 + be about to do…when…;(3)、主语+be on the point of (doing) …when…意思是“正要去做某事,这时……”
[例句]
One day Chuck was on a flight across the Pacific Ocean when suddenly his plane crashed. 有一天,Chuck正在太平洋上飞行,这时他的飞机突然爆炸了。
I was walking along the river when I heard a drowning boy cry for help. 我正在河边行走,这时我突然听到一个落水男孩求救。
I was about to leave when it began to rain. 我刚要离开,这时下雨了。
56.   while引导的从句
while除了有“当/在……时候”的意思外(注意:引导的句子谓语动词只能是延续性动词!常用进行时态),另外的两层意思也是考查的重点:(1)while = although 尽管”、“虽然”,引导让步状语从句;(2)while的意思是“然而;可是”,常用来表达对比关系。
[例句]
While I admit his good points, I can see his shortcomings.
虽然我承认他的优点,我也能看出他的缺点。
I earn only 120 dollars a week, while she earns 180 dollars. 我一星期只赚120美元,她赚180美元。
57.   as引导的非限制性定语从句
     在as引导的非限制性定语从句中,连接代词as在句子中可以作主语、宾语或表语等,可以指人或物。其在定语从句中的位置比较灵活,即可以在句子前面,中间或末尾。常用的结构有:as we all know; as is well known to…; as is often the case; as is said/mentioned above; as has been said before; as can be seen; as is/was expected; as we expect等。
[注意1]as通常只指整个句子的内容,不表示部分内容。
[注意2]as引导的非限制性定语从句通常指“事先可以预料到的”“料想到的”,表达“好”的方面。
[注意3]as引导限制性定语从句时,常构成the same…as…; such…as…; so/as …as…等结构。在从句中既可以指人、物,也可以指整个句子。
[例句]                     
This is also part of your work, as I told you before. 
我曾告诉过你,这也是你工作的一部分。
It’s the same story as I heard from her yesterday. 这故事跟我从她那儿听到的相同。
Such people as have made great contributions to the world should be greatly respected.
那些对世界做出巨大贡献的人们应该受到极大的尊重。
58. (1)、疑问词+ever whatever, whoever, whichever, whenever,wherever, however用来引导让步状语从句,相当于no matter和what, who, which, when, where, how连用。
[例句]
Whatever (=No matter what) may happen, we shall not lose hope.无论发生什么事,我们都不能失去希望。
(2)、whatever, whoever, whichever, whomever等引导名词性从句,这时不能用no matter+疑问词替换。
[例句]   We will do whatever we can to help him out. 我们要尽力帮助他摆脱困境。
59. 虚拟语气
(从句)If + were/did(动词的过去式),(主句)主语 + would/might/should/could + do(表示对现在情况的假设)
[例句]
If I were you, I would not be so proud. 如果我是你,我不会如此自负。
If I were in your position, I would think better of it. 如果我处在你的位置,我会好好考虑它。
60. 虚拟语气
(从句)If + had done, (主句)主语+ would/might/should/could +have done(表示对过去或已经发生事情的虚拟假设)
[例句]   If anyone had been in his position, he would have done the same. 任何处在他位置的人都会这样做的。
61. 虚拟语气
(从句)If + were/did(动词过去式)/were to do/should do,(主句)主语+ would/might/should/could + do(表示对将来的假设)
[例句]
If you shouldn’t pass the college entrance examination, what would you do? 万一高考不中,你该怎么办?
62.  虚拟语气条件句的倒装
    在虚拟条件句中,如果出现有were, had, should,可以省去if, 把这些词放在句子前面,构成虚拟倒装句。
[例句]
Should he act like that again, he would be fined. 如果他还这样做,就要受罚。
Had the doctor come in time last night (=If the doctor had come in time last time), the boy would have been saved. 昨天晚上要是医生及时到达,小孩就会得救。
63. if only引起的感叹句,相当于 “How I wish + 宾语从句”,意思是“但愿……;要是……就好了”
[例句]
If only he could come! 他要是能来就好了!
If only we students didn’t have so much homework!要是没有这么多的作业该多好!
If only I hadn’t been so careless in the exam! 我当时没有那么粗心就好了! 
64. “but for + 名词”和“but that +从句”,意思是“倘若不是;要不是”,接虚拟语气
[例句]
But for air and water, nothing could live. (= If there were no air or water, nothing could live.)
如果没有空气和水,什么东西都难以生存。
She could not have believed it but that she saw it. 若非亲眼所见,她是不会相信的。
65. 在动词insist(1坚持做某事),order, command(2命令), advise, suggest, propose(3建议做某事),demand, require, request, ask(4要求)等表示建议、命令、要求的名词性从句中谓语动词要用虚拟语气。基本句型:主语+ (should) + 动词原形。另外像decide, desire, intend, recommend等也要接(should)+动词原形结构。
[例句]
Mother insists that Tom (should) go to bed at nine o’clock.(宾语从句)
It was required that the crops (should) be harvested at once.(主语从句)
That is their demand that their wages (should) be increased.(表语从句)
66. suggest意思是“表明,暗示;说明”时;insist意思是“坚持观点,坚持看法”时,句子不能用虚拟语气
[例句]
He insisted that he was innocent.=He insisted on his innocence. 他坚持说自己是无辜的。
He insisted that he had never done wrong. 他坚持说没有做错事情。
67.It is necessary/important/natural/impossible/essential(基本的)等结构后的主语从句中要用虚拟语气,即主语+(should)+动词原形
[例句]
It’s necessary that Tom take the exam first. Tom有必要先参加考试。
With the society developing very fast, it’s quite necessary/important that we (should) have a good knowledge of English and computer. 随着社会的快速发展,我们有必要精通英语和电脑。
68. It’s strange/surprising/a pity/a shame/a surprise (that) … should do…should表示“竟然
[例句]
It’s a pity that she should miss the chance. 很遗憾她错过了机会。
It’s strange that he shouldn’t pass the exam. 奇怪的是他竟然没有通过考试。   
60.protect...from/ against 保护……避免/免受……的伤害
5) He protected his hands from the cold with gloves.
6) Lucy raised her arm to protect her face against fire.
例题:The great difficulty _____ him achieving what he wanted to achieve.
       A. kept     B. protected     C. defeated    D. prevented
[解析] 选D句意“巨大的困难阻止了他实现他的理想”。 Protect...from 和defeat…from 中的from 均不可以省略,且与句意不符。
69. agree
sb agree with sb/what从句   同意某人的话,意见
sth agree with sb 某物,某事适应某人
agree to sth 同意 (建议,计划,决定等)
agree on sth 在某一点上取得一致意见
agree to do sth 同意去干某事
70. break
break down 机器坏了=go wrong 身体垮了/终止谈话
break in 闯入,插话
break off 忽然停止讲话/断绝,结束/暂停工作,休息
break out (战争等)爆发;逃出(无被动式)
break through 打破包围
break up 驱散
break away from 脱离,逃说,与…断绝来往/改变某种习惯
71. bring
bring about =cause, result in, lead to bring down 使倒下,使下降
bring force 使产生,引起
bring forward 提出建议=put forward/提前
bring in =get in the pops/使得到某种收入
bring back to one's mind 使回想起
bring up 抚养某人 ,提出,呕吐
bring to an end 结束
72. call
call on sb 拜访,号召
call at 访问(某人的家);(火车、船)停靠
call for 需要
call for sb 去接某人一起去做某事
call off 取消(计划,比赛)
call out (call out+to sb.)大声地叫
call up sb 打电话
call in 请进来 We'll call in a couple of days. 我们两三天后打电话。
73. carry
carry out 进行到底,贯彻执行
carry on 进行下去,坚持下去
carry away 拿走,入迷,被…吸引
carry forward 推进,发扬(精神)
carry off 抢走,夺走/获得奖品
carry through 进行到底,完成计划
74. catch
catch up 赶上 
catch on 勾住,绊倒
catch at 想抓住 A drowning man will catch at a straw. 溺水者见草也要抓;急何能择。
be caught in the rain 被雨淋
catch up with 赶上某人,补上工作
 
76. come
come across 偶然发现,偶然遇到
come on 快点(口),开始,到来,举行,走吧,一起去
come at 向…扑过来,向…袭击
come down 倒下,(温度,价格)下降,病倒
come forward 涌现,主动地响应要求做某事
come in 进来,上市
come from 来自于 I come from Japan. 我来自日本。
come out 出来,出发,结果
come to 苏醒,总共,达到,得到谅解
come up sb 走进
come up 种子生长发育,被提出 And I'll come up with something. 我会想出个办法的。
come true 实现
77. cut
cut sth in half 把…砍成两半
cut away 切除 He cut away a dead branch.他砍掉一根枯干的树枝。
cut through 走近路,剌穿
cut down 砍倒,减少,压缩(开支)
cut off 切断(关系,来往),中止(电话,思维)
cut out 删掉/改掉(恶习),停止
78. do
do with 涉及到
do up one's hair 盘起长发
do up sth 包/捆起来
do out 打扫,收拾
do away with =get rid of 废除,去掉,取消
79. die
die from 因饥渴,战争,被污染的意外死亡
die of 因年老,疾病而死亡
die away 声音变弱,渐渐消失/停息,消失
die down 慢慢地熄灭(风,火)
die out 熄灭,变弱,消失,灭绝(动物)
die off 相继死去
80. fall
fall asleep 去睡觉=go to sleep
fall ill 病了Be careful not to fall ill. 注意不要生病了。
fall across 遇见(偶然)
fall back 后退,后撤
fall behind 落后,跟不上
fall in 集合/陷入
fall into 陷入+名词fall off 减少,从…摔下来
81. get
get about 到处走,消息的传开
get across 穿过,讲清楚使人了解,领会
get away 逃掉,离开,摆脱
get down 从…下来,写下来,记下来
get along with sth 进展得
get along with sb 相处
get in 进去,进站,收进来,收帐
get off 离开,下车
get on 上车
get over 克服(困难),从病中恢复过来,不接from
get around =spread 传开
get through 完成,通过,用完,从人群中通过,接通电话
get to 到达,抓住问题的要害,本质
get together 聚会,联欢get into trouble 陷入
get rid off 摆脱,去掉
82. give
give away 分发,赠送,颁发,背叛,出卖,暴露
give in 屈服
give off 放出(气体,光)
 give out 分发;使人筋疲力尽
give up 放弃,停止做某事
give over 让位于=give way to被取代
give rise to 引起,导致
83. go
go bad 变坏;变酸;腐败 go red 变红 go hungry 挨饿 go wrong 出错;发生故障
go about 随便走/进行
go after 追赶
go ahead 说吧,走吧,做吧(口语),走在前面
go at 从事于
go beyond 超出
go by =pass 经过,过去
go down 下降
go into 进入
go out (火)熄灭,过时了,罢工
go over 复习,检查
go through 审阅/经历了(痛苦,困难),完成
go up 提高,上涨(价格)
go around 分配,传播,传开
go all out to do sth 全力以赴去做某事
go back to 追溯到…
go with 相配(=match=go along with)
go well with 协调
go too far 太过分了,走太远了
84. hold
hold up 主持,耽搁,延误,继续下去,拿起
hold back 阻挡,忍住,保留,隐瞒
hold down 控制,镇压=put down
hold off 延误,保持距离,使"疏远"
hold on 坚持下去,停止,别挂(电话)
hold out 坚持到胜利,支持,维持,伸出
hold to 坚持某个看法(路线),紧紧地抓住
86. keep
keep to  坚持某种习惯,遵循,靠(左右)
keep back 留在后面,阻止,忍住
 keep down 控制,下降,缩减开支
keep off 避开,远离,让开
keep out 使其等在外面,不让进入
keep up 保持,维持,鼓足勇气
keep sb from doing 阻止某人做某事
keep sth from sb 把某事瞒着某人
keep up with 跟上
 
87. knock
knock into sb 撞到某人身上;偶然遇到
knock sth down 降低价格,拆除,缩减开支
knock off 下班,停工,很快地写出文章
knock sb up 匆匆做饭,敲门把某人叫醒,使某人疲倦
knock at 敲(门)
88. know
know about 了解,知道情况
know of 听说,知道为什么
be known for sth因…出名(=be famous for)
be known as作为…而知名
as known to all 众所周知
89. lay
lay aside 放在…一边,积蓄
lay down 放下,制定计划
lay emphasis on sth 强调
lay down one's life for 为…献出生命
lay out 布置;设计
lay off 解雇
lay in 积蓄,储蓄
90. leave
leave alone 不要管(某人),不要碰(某物)
leave behind 遗留,遗志
leave off (使)停止;中断
leave out 删掉,漏掉
leave over 剩下的,暂时不去解决的
91. let 
let alone 不要管,不碰,更不用说
let down 放下,失望
let off 燃放鞭炮,放掉蒸汽,放过某人
let out 放掉气,发出响声,泄露
92. look
look after 照料
look at 
look back 回顾
look in 顺便来访=drop in
look into sth 调查,了解某事,浏览(书报)
look on as 把…看作…
look out 小心,当心,向外看
look around 到处看
look over 审阅,翻阅
look through 浏览,仔细地检查
look to 负责,留意
look up (从词典中)找出,天气转变,物价上涨,仰视
look up to 仰视 尊敬
look down on sb 轻视某人
look forward to期待
93. make
make for 有助于,向…走过去
make out 辩认出,理解,开(写)支票,假装
make up 构成,组成,弥补,编造,化妆
make up of 由…组成
make fun of 嘲笑,和某人开玩笑
make the best of 充分利用(make full use of)
make certain 弄清楚
make up one's mind 决定,下决心
make tea 泡茶
make coffee 冲咖啡
make off 逃跑,匆匆离开
95. pass
pass away 消磨(时间),去世,死(委婉的说法)
pass by 从某人身边经过,过去
pass off 消失,顺利地进行
pass for 冒充,假扮
pass on 传下去
pass through 经历
96. pick
pick out 挑选,认出(某人),领会
pick up 捡起来,开车接送,恢复健康 ,偶然获得,接收到(信息等)
97. pull
pull down 拆掉,推掉,使身体虚弱,使价格降低
pull off 脱衣帽
pull out 拔出,离开,度过难关,恢复健康
pull throw 渡过难关,使从病中恢复过来
pull up 车子停下,拔起(树、草)
98. put
put away收起来,把…放在原位
put aside 把放在…留出(时间),备用
put back 放在原处,推迟,延期 
put down 镇压,写下来 He put down his glass.他放下杯子。
put forward 提出,提前,提供
put in 提交,申请(+for)
put off 推迟,延期,打消,关上 
put on 穿上,上演
put through 接通电话
put out 扑灭,关灯,生产,出版
put up 张贴,留某人过夜,建造
put into production 把…投入生产
put into use 投入使用
put one's heart into 全心全意投入
99. run
run across 穿过(跪道),偶然遇到
run after 追赶
run away 逃走,失去控制
run into sb 碰到某人
run for 竞选
run out 用完
run over 匆匆浏览
run through 穿过,匆匆看一下,做完 L
run a risk of =at the risk of 冒…险
run a fever 发烧
run short of 缺乏
100. see
see sb off 为某人送行,解雇
see into sth 调查,了解某事
see through 看穿某人
see sth through 进行到底
see to get that 务必要
101. send
send for 派某人去请,去叫某人
send off 发出,寄出
send sb off =see sb. off 为某人送行,解雇
send out 发出,发射
send in 交上去,递送
send on 转交
102. set
set about doing sth. 着手做某事
set out 出发,陈述
set out to do sth, 着手做某事
set apart 分离,流出
set aside 流出,宣布…无效
set down 放下,写下
set off 出发 动身
set up 建立
set fire to 放火烧
set an example for 为某人树立榜样
103. start
start from 从…开始
start with 就此开始(=begin with)
start after sb. 追赶上某人
start off 动身出发
start out 着手进行
at the very start 一开始
104. take
take away 拿走,离开
take back 拿回来 take back one's words 收回(刚讲的话)
take A for B 把A误认为是B
take in sth 接受, 吸收,欺骗,
take off 起飞,取消
take on 呈现,承担,雇用
take up 占据(时间,地方),从事于 ,拿起武器
take pride in =be proud of 引以为豪
take turns doing sth轮流做某事
take in turn 依次
take pains to do 努力做某事
take a chance 碰运气
take a lead 带头
take effect 生效
take charge of 负责
take one's leave 告辞
105. think
think about 考虑,关心
think of 想起,记得,觉得怎样
think of as 把…当作…
think over 仔细考虑
think out 想出,解决了,想清楚
think back to 回想过去
think well of 高度评价(think highly of 高度评价)
106. throw
throw about 到处扔
throw away 扔掉,浪费(金钱),失去(机会)
throw back 扔回来,阻止,进攻
throw down 扔下来,推翻
throw in 扔,扔进 (throw into 扔,扔进)
throw in a word or two 插一两句话
throw off 匆忙地脱掉,摆脱,扔掉
throw off one's airs 放下某人的架子
throw on 匆忙穿上
throw out 赶走
throw light on 提供线索,有助理解某事
 throw one's self into 投入
107. turn
turn back 翻回到
turn down 拒绝,音量调低
turn up 音量调高,出席turn in 上交 Please turn in your paper before leaving. 请在离开前将论文交上。
turn oneself in 自首
turn into 把…变成…,把…翻译成…
turn out 结果是,制造出,生产出,培养出,关(煤气)
turn over 移交,把…打翻
turn to 转向,求助于,翻到第几页
turn to sb for help 求助于
turn against 背叛
turn by one's 轮流,交替
in one's turn 轮到某人做某事
108. wear
wear sb out   使某人精疲力尽
wear sth out  使某物被穿破
wear off    慢慢地消失掉,褪掉
wear away  磨掉,(时间)消逝
wear on (时间)消逝 
110.add up     总计,加起来
add to     增加
add…to… 往……里添加……
add up to 总数为,加起来等于
add that   补充说……
例:——Can you ______ all the money that I should pay?
——Very sorry. Please wait a minute, madam. 
A. add     B. add to     C. add up     D. add up to
答案:选C.“ 加起来 ”
110. concern v.&n. (使)担忧,涉及;担心,关注
concern oneself with/in 从事,干涉
as/so far as … be concerned 就……而言
show/feel concern about/for... 担心/挂念/关心……
 be concern with 与……有关的
 be concern about for 关心 
例句:The meeting was concerned ___ the arrangement of personnel (员工),so people were concerned ___their futures.
A. with, with   B. with ,about C. for,about 
D. about, with
答案: 选B. be concerned with “与……有关”;be   concerned about “关心”
111.It (This/That) is/was the first/second/third... time that... 是一种常见句型,意为“某人第一(二、三……)次做某事”。
 It is time that sb. Did/should do sth.
某人应该做某事了,should 不可省略。
It is time for sb. To do sth.到了某人该做某事的时候了。
the first time 第一次,用作连词,后接时间状语从句。
for the first time 第一次,介词短语用作状语,可单独使用。
例:It was the third time that China______ people into space.
A. has sent   B. sends     C. will send     D. had send
答案:选D. 一般过去时和过去完成时相呼应。
112. get tired of 厌倦(一般指精神上的),厌烦
   get/be tired of 厌烦,对……厌烦
   get/be tired from 因为……而疲惫(一般指体力上的)
例:I don’t think she is a nice woman. I’m______ her empty talk.
A. grate for    B. tired of      C. fond of      D.concerned about
 答案:选B. “厌倦”
 
114.      more than
more than + 基数词“数量上超过”
more than + 名词“不只是,不仅仅”
more than + 其他词类“非常,很,多过……”
more than + 主语 +can + 谓语“……不能”或“非……所能”
例句:----Do you need any help, Mary?
      ----Yes. The job is _____I could do myself.
   A. less than   B. more than    C. no more than    D. not more than 
解析: 选B. 由Yes 可知Mary 需要帮助。句意是:我自己做不了这项工作。
114.because of 的同义短语
as a result of “结果,由于” 常用作状语。
due to “由于” 作表语或状语。
on account of “因为” 作状语。
owing to “由于” 作表语或状语。
thanks to “多亏,由于” 作表语或状语。
例句:The little boy got punished______ what he had done.
 A. because    B. because of    C. since     D. as
解析: 选B. because of 为复合介词,表示“由于,因为”,后接名词,动名词,代词,在句子中作状语。
115.Present adj. n. vt. 现在的,出席的;礼物,赠送,介绍,呈递
be present at 出席,参加
present sb. with sth. 把某物交给某人
present sth. with sb. 向某人出示/提交某物
for the present 目前,暂时
例句:He added all the people ____at the party were his supporters.
   A. present   B. absent    C. interested    D. important
解析:选A. 考察形容词的用法,present 作定语后置,放在名字后面修饰。
116.make use of
take advantage of 利用
make good/full use of 充分利用
make the best/most use of 好好利用
例句: Every minute ____ spoken English.
 A. was made use of to practicing      B. was made use of practicing
 C. was made use to practice          D. was made use of to practice
解析: 选D. make use of sth . to do “利用……来做谋事”, 不定式在此表目的。
117.recongnize 认出,认识
recongnize sb. to be 承认某人是……
be recongnize as 被承(公)认是……
recongnize that… 承认……
例句:As soon as he read the letter, he _____ Jerry’s handwriting at once.
 A. recognized   B. realized   C. regarded   D. remembered
解析:选A. “认出”
118.prefer
①prefer sth / doing sth / to do sth   更喜欢做某事
②prefer (doing) A to (doing) B      喜欢……而不喜欢……
③prefer to do sth rathen than do sth   宁愿做……而不愿做……
④prefer sb to do sth                宁愿某人做某事
⑤prefer t that 从句,从句中用“should+动词原形”,should可省略。
例句:Little Tom prefers ____to watching TV at weekends.
 A. to read    B. reading    C. read    D. a reading
 解析:选B. prefer… to 喜欢…… 不喜欢……
119、imagine 设想,想象
①imagine+that从句
②imagine+名词或代词或动名词
例句:I just can’t imagine his going though the book in such a short time .
A. go     B.to go   C. going   D.gone
解析:选c. imagine+动名词.
120、insist
表“坚持要去做,一定要去做”时,后接从句,从句要用虚拟语气,即“should+动词原形”,should可省略。
.意为“坚持说(存在的事实)”时,后接宾语从句不用虚拟语气。
例句:Mary insisted that we ______ the problem immediately.
 A. solve     B. solved     C. had solved   D. would solve
 解析:选A. 从句应该用虚拟语气
121、seem   “似乎, 看起来,好象”。 其常用句式:
It seems that…  
It seems like = It seems to be
例句:1)It seems that we are going to win the game. 
      2) Kate seems to be really upset today.
122.encourage   鼓励,鼓舞
encourage sb to do sth 鼓励(某人)做(某事)
discourage sb from doing sth 不让(某人)做(某事)
 例句:1) Our English teacher always encourages us to learn English well.
       2) He always discourages us from translating everything into Chinese.
123.   injure
区别injure  harm  hurt  wound
injure一般指意外事故引起的损伤。
harm“损害,伤害”,指损伤有生命的,也可以是损伤无生命的东西。
hurt“伤害”,既可以指肉体的伤害,也可是精神上,感情上的伤害。
wound“伤”,一般指外伤,如枪伤,刀伤等
 例句:1)I was badly injured in the relay race.
       2) I was hurt because he was so rude .
       3) The soldiers were seriously wounded in the front.
124. prepare
prepare sth相当于get sth ready,“准备干某事”。
prepare for sth=make preparations for sth “为……做准备”。
prepare后接双宾语,prepare sb sth为某人准备……。
be prepared for为……准备 be prepared to do愿意做某事
 例句: 1) Mum has prepared breakfast for us .
        2) We are preparing for the meeting .
125. shelter n. 住宿,避难处   V. 提供住所,保护
give/provide shelter to 给……庇护的地方
seek/find/take shelter from… 躲避……
shelter oneself under/behind/beneath…意为“躲在……之后,依仗,隐匿于……之下”。
shelter sb/sth from(sb/sth)给某人/某物提供庇护处
 例句:We should find more______ for the refugees.
   A. places   B. room C. space    D. shelters
 解析:选D. “安身之处,避难处”
126. happen vi.   发生    
happen to+名词/代词
happen to do 表示“碰巧做某事”。
happen upon 偶然碰到,意外发现。
what happen if… 如果……怎么办?
whatever happens=happen what may 无论发生……
 例句:What ______ when I passed by your house?
     A. happened with you         B has happened to you    
C. had happened to you        D. was happening to you
 解析:选D. 时态应该用过去进行时态,表示当时正在发生。
128.         think little of 对……不在意,不考虑
think highly/well of 对……评价很高/印象很好
think a great deal/a lot/much of 对……印象很好
think nothing of 认为没什么;把……视为平常
think badly/ill/poorly of 对……评价很糟/很低
 例句: Many leaders of the US ____ at that time.
B. were not highly thought of    B. were not thought of
C. were not thought of highly     D. were highly not thought of
 解析:选A. 考察短语 think highly of ,其被动语态highly 应该放在过去分词前面。
128.  Are you willing to do public service work without pay? 
   be willing to 愿意做某事
   willing adj. 乐意的,自愿的
   I’m willing to help you.
   I’m quite willing for your brother to join us.
129.  Do you easily lose heart when you are in trouble?
    lose heart 灰心,丧失信心
    Please don’t lose heart; you still have more chances.
    lose one’s heart 爱上,喜欢上
    She lost her heart to him as soon as she saw the handsome soldier.
    in trouble 有麻烦,处于不幸中
He never came except when he was in trouble.
 
130. He died for his ideas but his work was later used in the Bible.                            他为了自己的思想而献身,但他的成果后来应用于《圣经》。
   die for 为……而死
   They died for the people. Their death is weightier than Mount Taishan.
   I am dying for a cup of water.
   die for 也意为“渴望,切望”(只用于进行时态)
131. He fought against the German Nazis and Japanese invaders during World War II. 二战时期他抵抗德国纳粹和日本侵略者。
    fight (fought, fought)
    fight for 为……而战
    fight against 与……作斗争
    We will have to fight against difficulties.
They told the workers to fight for their rights
132. design    n..设计,图案
             v.设计,计划
   design sth. for sb./sth   为某人/物设计某物(主动)
   be designed for 为…设计的(被动)
   be designed to do 目的是...
练习:
根据中文提示,用所构成搭配完成下列句子。
2)             这台机器设计得很差,但运转得很好。
The machine is of poor design,but works well.
2)这个大房子是为一个大家庭而设计的。
The house is designed for a large family.
3)这款汽车是为保护环境而设计的。
This kind of car was designed to protect the environment.
133.belong to属于   sth. belongs to sb
own 拥有      sb. owns sth. 
例句:1. That book belongs to me.
      2. I own that book..
例题:My teacher keeps telling me that the future      to the well-educated.
B. is belonging B. is belonged C. belongs D. will be belonged
解析:选 C. belong to 不能用于进行时态和被动态 。
134. worth adj. 值得的;相当于…价值
   ( sth. ) be worth + n./ doing 值得…/ 值得做…
   ( sth.) be worthy + to be done / of being done 某事值得做
It’s worthwhile + to do sth./ doing sth.   值得做某事
例句:1.How much is the picture worth ?
      2. I think the film is well worth seeing.
      3. The picture is worth $500.
      4. The place is worthy of being visited again.
      5. It is worthwhile to buy the dictionary.
135. There is no doubt that… 毫无疑问 … ,引导同位语从句,从句说明doubt的具体内容。
   例子:There is no doubt that she will keep her word.                 
        competition n.竞争;比赛
136. compete vi.竞争;比赛 competitor n. 竞争者;对手
competitive adj.竞争的;有竞争性的
例句:We should compete ____other countries ____international events.
 A. against, on   B. with, on    C. against, in D. on ,for
解析:选C. compete against/with 与……竞争;compete in 在……方面竞争
137. stand for 代表;象征;表示
stand by 站在一旁;袖手旁观;支持;坚持
stand back 向后退
stand down 退出(比赛或竞选);(从某职位上)退下
stand out 显眼;引人注泪
stand up 起立;(论点等)站得住脚
例句:The letters“U S A”stand for the United States of America.
      The Opera House in Sydney really stands out.
      He always stands by when we are in trouble.
138. 强调句式及结构
It is/was+被强调的成分+that/who+句子其余部分
例句:It was the training ___he had at school ___made him a good jumper.
 A. what, what   B. that, that   C. what , that   D. that ,what
解析:选B. 第一个空that引导定语从句,第二个空是强调句式中的that.
139.一般将来时态的被动语态及常见的结构形式基本构成形式:will/shall+be+v.pp.
其它常见的结构形式:
1). be to be done.
2). be going to be done
3). will/shall get done 
例句:In 2012 the Olympic Games are to be held in London.
      The problem isn’t going to be discussed at the meeting.
140. charge vt. vi收费;控诉;n费用;主管;控告
       charge…for…因为…而收费/要价
       take charge(of)负责;掌管
归纳  in charge of 主管;负责,掌握
in the charge of=in one’s charge 由…负责/主管
charge sb. with…指控某人…
例句:All the children _____the nurse are taken good care of .
      A. taking care of     B. in the charge of   
C. in charge of     D. under charge of
解析: 选B . in the charge of 作后置定语。
141. from …on 
from now on     从现在起
from then on      从那时起
from that time on   从那时起
from time to time . 有时, 偶尔
 例句:They decided that ____they would never tell lies to their parents.
     A. from now on    B. from then on  
C. since then      D. from time to time
答案;选B . from then on “从那时起” 句意是:他们决定从那时起,再也不向父母撒谎了。
142.As time went by, I was made smaller. 随时时间的流逝,我被弄得更小了。
as 在本句中引导时间状语从句,意为“随着” as 还可以引导原因,方式,让步状语从句等。
6)     They did as I had asked.             (按照,依照)
7)     He sat watching her as she had supper. ( 当。。。。。。时候)
8)     She may need some help as she’s new.   (因为,既然)
9)     Young as he is, he knows a lot.          (尽管, 虽然)
10)             As years went by, my father grow old      (随着)
143.go by     (指时间)过去,消逝;走过,经过
   go against 违背
   go ahead   进展
   go in for    从事,爱好
   go over     复习,检查
   go on with   继续
   go out       熄灭
   go through   经历,遭受
例句:Two years _____, without their knowing it .
   A. went by    B. passed by    C. went on    D. passed on
 答案:选A .
144. in a way           在某种程度上
in the way         挡路,碍事
out of the way      不再挡路,不在碍事
on the way /on one’s way 在途中,就要来
by the way         顺便说/问一下
all the way         一路上,自始至终
no way            没门
 例句:----I think she has made great progress in her English study.
       ----I agree with you _____.
A. on the way    B. in a way    C. by the way     D. in the way
   答案:选B ,“在某种程度上”
 
 145.die out     灭亡,逐渐消失
die away    (声音,风,光)慢慢变弱,渐渐消失
die down     (兴奋,火等)渐弱,渐熄,平息
die off        (家庭,种族)相继死亡,(草木)先后枯死
die of         因……死亡(内因)
die from       因……死亡(外因)
   例句:If too many of these animals are killed ,their kind will______.
A. die off    B. die of     C. die out    D. die away
答案: 选C “灭绝,消亡”
146.protect...from/ against 保护……避免/免受……的伤害
7) He protected his hands from the cold with gloves.
8) Lucy raised her arm to protect her face against fire.
例题:The great difficulty _____ him achieving what he wanted to achieve.
       A. kept     B. protected     C. defeated    D. prevented
[解析] 选D句意“巨大的困难阻止了他实现他的理想”。 Protect...from 和defeat…from 中的from 均不可以省略,且与句意不符。
 3.appreciate   鉴赏,感激,意识到
appreciate doing sth.
appreciate it +从句
 1) I can’t appreciate western music.
 2) I will appreciate it if you help me learn music.
 3) We have appreciated your difficulties.
 例题 I’d appreciate_____if you would turn the radio down.
         A. that      B. it      C. this       D. you
    [解析] 句意:如果你能把收音机音量关小,我很感谢的。Like ,love ,appreciate, hate, 等词后接从句时,常用it做形式宾语。
147.do harm to     (对……)有危害
be harmful to   对……有害
harmful        有害的,导致损害的
harmless        无害的
come to no harm 没有受到伤害
 例句:The harm which ____ his health is out of our imagination.
   A. was done   B. was done to    C. did      D. did to
 [解析] 选B. do harm to ,先行词harm 在定语从句中做主语,所以要用被动语态。
148. incient 指附带的小事件,事端,政变
   accident 指意外事故
   event    强调重大的,引人注目的事件,也可指体育赛事
a)    A journalist will soon be sent to cover the event.
b)    Do you have any idea when the traffic accident happened?
c)    The Lugouqiao Incident occurred on July, 1937.
148.dream   n.梦想
                 realize/fulfill one's dream实现梦想
                 one's dream come true  实现梦想
                 v梦想
                  dream of  /about (doing)  sth.梦想做某事
                  dream away 虚度光
 例句:I’ve always dreamt ___ coming to China and now the dream has come__.
  A. about , real    B. of , true      C. out , truth    D. from , truly
 解析: 选B. dream of /about doing 梦想做某事; come true 梦想“变成现实”
149.pretend   v.假装
     pretend +to do/  to be doing /to have done 
                             + n.
                             + that从句
 例句: Don’t pretend _____. Your book is upside down.
A. to read   B. to be reading 
       C. to have read   D. reading
   解析:选B. 用不定式的进行式。
150.honest adj.诚实的 
    反义词 dishonest
    honestly adv.诚实地
    honesty n. 诚实
    to be honest  说实在地,说实话 常用作插入语
    be  honest with sb.对某人坦诚
be  honest  in (doing) sth .在(做)方面坦诚
 1) To be honest, that’s all the money I have .    (说实话)
 2)   Mike is honest with others in doing business. (对…坦诚)
151. attach v.贴上,附上,系上
    attach  sth. to 将……附在……
    attach  importance /value to 认为……重要
be attached to sb.依恋,爱慕某人
   1) I attached a wire to a radio.
   2) People attach too much importance to economic forecasts.
   3) The research unit is attached to the university.
152.sb. be/get familiar with ……某人熟悉……
     sth. be  familiar to sb.某人熟悉……
    例句: The music sounds ____me ,but I can’t remember its name .
     A. familiar with    B. similar to    
C. similar with    D. familiar to
 解析: 选D. be familiar to    为某人所熟悉

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